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Evaluation of the Children's Depression Inventory-Short Version (CDI-S)
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Psychology. Uppsala Univ, Dept Psychol, POB 1225, SE-75142 Uppsala, Sweden..
Karolinska Inst, Dept Clin Neurosci, Stockholm, Sweden..
2017 (English)In: Psychological Assessment, ISSN 1040-3590, E-ISSN 1939-134X, Vol. 29, no 9, p. 1157-1166Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

The Children's Depression Inventory-Short Version (CDI-S), an abbreviated version of the widely used Children's Depression Inventory (CDI), has been regularly used in recent research. In comparison to the original CDI, the CDI-S has not been rigorously evaluated for its psychometrics. The present study examined the dimensionality, convergent and discriminant validity, and gender differences of the CDI-S in a school-based sample of 809 children 8-12 years of age. All children completed the CDI-S. One subsample additionally completed another measure of depression, 1 subsample completed a measure of anxiety, and 1 subsample completed the CDI-S at a second occasion, after 2 weeks. Information regarding parents' education and household income were available for 476 children. We evaluated the dimensionality of the CDI-S in a series of exploratory factor analyses. Despite some evidence of multidimensionality, a bifactor model revealed that the variation of scores was primarily explained by variations of the general factor. Consequently, the CDI-S is most adequately interpreted as a univocal measure. The CDI-S showed high correlation to another measure of depression and a moderately high correlation to a measure of anxiety, with nonoverlapping confidence intervals. We also found that girls reported higher levels of depressive symptoms than did boys, and we found a negative correlation between depressive symptoms and socioeconomic factors for boys only. Future studies should preferably include a broader age range, to acquire a more comprehensive understanding of the validity of the CDI-S.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2017. Vol. 29, no 9, p. 1157-1166
Keywords [en]
depression, Children's Depression Inventory, factor structure, gender differences, socioeconomic status
National Category
Psychology (excluding Applied Psychology)
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-340158DOI: 10.1037/pas0000419ISI: 000413692500008PubMedID: 27918174OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-340158DiVA, id: diva2:1179533
Available from: 2018-02-01 Created: 2018-02-01 Last updated: 2018-02-01Bibliographically approved

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Åhlén, Johan

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