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Perceived child eating behaviours and maternal migrant background
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Food, Nutrition and Dietetics.
University of Oxford.
Karolinska Institute.
Skåne University Hospital.
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2018 (English)In: Appetite, ISSN 0195-6663, E-ISSN 1095-8304Article in journal (Refereed) In press
Abstract [en]

The Child Eating Behaviour Questionnaire (CEBQ) is a well-established instrument in the study of obesity-relatedeating behaviours among children. However, research using the CEBQ in multicultural samples is limited. This studyaims to identify and examine differences in child eating behaviours as reported by Swedish-born and non-Swedishbornmothers living in Sweden. Mothers (n=1310, 74 countries of origin, mean age 36.5 years, 63.6% with highereducation, 29.2% with overweight or obesity) of five-year-olds (mean age 4.8 years, 18.1% with overweight or obesity)completed the CEBQ. Responses were analysed using CEBQ subscales Food Responsiveness, EmotionalOvereating, Enjoyment of Food, and Desire to Drink, clustering into Food Approach, and subscales SatietyResponsiveness, Slowness in Eating, Emotional Undereating, and Food Fussiness, clustering into Food Avoidance.Data were compared across seven regional groups, divided by maternal place of birth: (1) Sweden (n=941), (2) Nordicand Western Europe (n=68), (3) Eastern and Southern Europe (n=97), (4) the Middle East and North Africa (n=110),(5) East, South and Southeast Asia (n=52), (6) Sub-Saharan Africa (n=16), and (7) Central and South America (n=26).Crude, partly and fully adjusted linear regression models controlled for child’s and mother’s weight status, age,mother’s education, and concern about child weight. The moderation effect of maternal concern about child weightwas examined through interaction analyses. Results showed that while Food Approach and Food Avoidancebehaviours were associated with maternal migrant background, associations for Food Fussiness were limited. Notably,mothers born in the Middle East and North Africa reported higher frequencies of both Food Approach (except forEnjoyment of Food) and Food Avoidance. The study highlights the importance of examining how regionally-specificmaternal migrant background affects mothers’ perceptions of child eating behaviours.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2018.
Keywords [en]
appetite, children, culture, family, overweight, obesity
National Category
Medical and Health Sciences
Research subject
Food, Nutrition and Dietetics
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-341465DOI: 10.1016/j.appet.2018.02.010OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-341465DiVA, id: diva2:1181591
Funder
Swedish Research Council, 2014-02404Available from: 2018-02-09 Created: 2018-02-09 Last updated: 2018-02-14Bibliographically approved

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Somaraki, MariaPersson Osowski, ChristineNowicka, Paulina

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