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Do substantial BMI reduction episodes among Swedish schoolchildren have any impact on their final height?
Örebro University, Örebro, Sweden.
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Food, Nutrition and Dietetics. (Agneta Yngve)ORCID iD: 0000-0002-7165-279X
2018 (English)In: Acta Paediatrica, ISSN 0803-5253, E-ISSN 1651-2227Article in journal (Refereed) Epub ahead of print
Abstract [en]

AIM: This study investigated whether substantial body mass index (BMI) reductions in Swedish schoolchildren aged 7-19 years, caused by disease, healthy or unhealthy behaviour, had any impact on their final height.

METHODS: We used height and weight data on 6,572 subjects from two nationally representative longitudinal samples of Swedish children born in 1973 and 1981. These provided information on their final height and any BMI reduction episodes.

RESULTS: Of the 6,572 subjects (50.9% boys), among individuals with information on final height, 1,118 had a BMI reduction of 5% and less than 10%, and 346 had at least one substantial BMI reduction of 10% of more. On a group level, there was no statistically significant difference in the final height of individuals with BMI reductions of 10% or more and those without. The findings were independent of age and the subject's BMI at the start of the reduction episode. However, there were a number of cases where a substantial BMI reduction probably had an impact on the subject's final height.

CONCLUSION: Our study found no evidence that a substantial BMI reduction had any impact on final height on a group level, but further analyses of specific case studies are necessary to determine whether substantial BMI reduction might have an impact on final height. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2018.
Keywords [en]
Body Mass Index reduction, final height, longitudinal study, schoolchildren, weight loss
National Category
Public Health, Global Health, Social Medicine and Epidemiology
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-341676DOI: 10.1111/apa.14258PubMedID: 29405369OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-341676DiVA, id: diva2:1182136
Available from: 2018-02-12 Created: 2018-02-12 Last updated: 2018-04-08Bibliographically approved

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