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Methods, metrics and research gaps around minimum data sets for nursing practice and fundamental care: A scoping literature review
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Public Health and Caring Sciences, Health Services Research. Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Medical Sciences, Cardiovascular epidemiology. School of Nursing, University of Adelaide; Department of Emergency Care and Internal Medicine, Uppsala.ORCID iD: 0000-0002-7221-2876
2018 (English)In: Journal of Clinical Nursing, ISSN 0962-1067, E-ISSN 1365-2702Article in journal (Refereed) Epub ahead of print
Abstract [en]

Aims and objectives

To examine and map research on minimum data sets linked to nursing practice and the fundamentals of care. Another aim was to identify gaps in the evidence to suggest future research questions to highlight the need for standardisation of terminology around nursing practice and fundamental care.

Background

Addressing fundamental care has been highlighted internationally as a response to missed nursing care. Systematic performance measurements are needed to capture nursing practice outcomes.

Design

Overview of the literature framed by the scoping study methodology.

Method

PubMed and CINAHL were searched using the following inclusion criteria: peer‐reviewed empirical quantitative and qualitative studies related to minimum data sets and nursing practice published in English. No time restrictions were set. Exclusion criteria were as follows: no available full text, reviews and methodological and discursive studies. Data were categorised into one of the fundamentals of care elements.

Results

The review included 20 studies published in 1999–2016. Settings were mainly nursing homes or hospitals. Of 14 elements of the fundamentals of care, 11 were identified as measures in the included studies, but their frequency varied. The most commonly identified elements concerned safety, prevention and medication (n = 11), comfort (n = 6) and eating and drinking (n = 5).

Conclusion

Studies have used minimum data sets and included variables linked to nursing practices and fundamentals of care. However, the relations of these variables to nursing practice were not always clearly described and the main purpose of the studies was seldom to measure the outcomes of nursing interventions. More robust studies focusing on nursing practice and patient outcomes are warranted.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2018.
National Category
Nursing
Research subject
Caring Sciences in Medical Sciences
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-342058DOI: 10.1111/jocn.14155PubMedID: 29119641OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-342058DiVA, id: diva2:1183631
Available from: 2018-02-19 Created: 2018-02-19 Last updated: 2018-03-23Bibliographically approved

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Muntlin Athlin, Åsa

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