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Mindfulness predicts student nurses' communication self-efficacy: A cross-national comparative study
Univ Coll Southeast Norway, Fac Hlth & Social Sci, Dept Optometry Radiog & Lighting Design, Natl Ctr Opt Vis & Eye Care, Kongsberg, Norway.;Univ Coll Southeast Norway, Fac Hlth & Social Sci, Sci Ctr Hlth & Technol, Drammen, Norway.;Univ Coll Southeast Norway, Fac Hlth & Social Sci, Dept Nursing Sci, Drammen, Norway..
Univ Boras, Fac Caring Sci Work Life & Social Welf, Boras, Sweden..
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Public Health and Caring Sciences, Health Services Research. Mälardalen Univ, Sch Hlth Care & Social Welf, Västerås, Sweden..ORCID iD: 0000-0002-4302-5529
Univ Coll Southeast Norway, Fac Hlth & Social Sci, Dept Nursing Sci, Drammen, Norway..
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2017 (English)In: Patient Education and Counseling, ISSN 0738-3991, E-ISSN 1873-5134, Vol. 100, no 8, p. 1558-1563Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Objectives: The aim of this study was to compare student nurses' communication self-efficacy, empathy, and mindfulness across two countries, and to analyse the relationship between these qualities. Methods: The study had a cross-sectional design. Data was collected from final year student nurses in Norway and Sweden. Communication self-efficacy, empathy, and mindfulness were reported by questionnaires; Clear-cut communication with patients, Jefferson Scale of Empathy, and Langer 14 items mindfulness scale. Results: The study included 156 student nurses, 94 (60%) were Swedish. The mean communication self-efficacy score was 119 (95% CI 116-122), empathy score 115 (95% CI 113-117) and mindfulness score 79 (95% CI 78-81). A Mann-Whitney test showed that Swedish students scored significantly higher on communication self-efficacy, empathy, and mindfulness than Norwegian students did. When adjusted for age, gender, and country in a multiple linear regression, mindfulness was the only independent predictor of communication self-efficacy. Conclusion: The Swedish student nurses in this study scored higher on communication self-efficacy, empathy, and mindfulness than Norwegian students did. Student nurses scoring high on mindfulness rated their communication self-efficacy higher. Practice implications: A mindful learning approach may improve communication self-efficacy and possibly the effect of communication skills training.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
ELSEVIER IRELAND LTD , 2017. Vol. 100, no 8, p. 1558-1563
Keywords [en]
Student nurse, Communication self-efficacy, Mindfulness, Empathy, Education
National Category
Health Sciences Occupational Health and Environmental Health
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-329903DOI: 10.1016/j.pec.2017.03.016ISI: 000405383800017PubMedID: 28342674OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-329903DiVA, id: diva2:1184614
Available from: 2018-02-21 Created: 2018-02-21 Last updated: 2018-02-21Bibliographically approved

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Holmström, Inger K.

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