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Multiple odd-frequency superconducting states in buckled quantum spin Hall insulators with time-reversal symmetry
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Physics, Department of Physics and Astronomy, Materials Theory.
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Physics, Department of Physics and Astronomy, Materials Theory.
2017 (English)In: Physical Review B, ISSN 2469-9950, E-ISSN 2469-9969, Vol. 96, no 17, article id 174509Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

We consider a buckled quantum spin Hall insulator (QSHI), such as silicene, proximity coupled to a conventional spin-singlet s-wave superconductor. Even limiting the discussion to the disorder-robust s-wave pairing symmetry, we find both odd-frequency (omega) spin-singlet and spin-triplet pair amplitudes, both of which preserve time-reversal symmetry. Our results show that there are two unrelated mechanisms generating these different odd-omega pair amplitudes. The spin-singlet state is due to the strong interorbital processes present in the QSHI. It exists generically at the edges of the QSHI, but also in the bulk in the heavily doped regime if an electric field is applied. The spin-triplet state requires a finite gradient in the proximity-induced superconducting order along the edge, which we find is automatically generated at the atomic scale for armchair edges but not at zigzag edges. In combination these results make superconducting QSHIs a very exciting venue for investigating not only the existence of odd-omega superconductivity but also the interplay between different odd-omega states.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2017. Vol. 96, no 17, article id 174509
National Category
Condensed Matter Physics
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-342381DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevB.96.174509ISI: 000415167900005OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-342381DiVA, id: diva2:1184845
Funder
Carl Tryggers foundation Swedish Research Council, 621-2014-3721Knut and Alice Wallenberg FoundationAvailable from: 2018-02-22 Created: 2018-02-22 Last updated: 2018-02-22Bibliographically approved

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Kuzmanovski, DushkoBlack-Schaffer, Annica M.

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