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Childhood predictors of adult psychopathy scores among males followed from age 6 to 33
Univ Montreal, GRIP, CP 6128,Succ Ctr Ville,Pavillon 3050, Montreal, PQ H3C 3J7, Canada.;Karolinska Inst, Dept Clin Neurosci, Tomtebodavagen 18A,Plan 5, S-17177 Stockholm, Sweden..
Malardalens Univ, Sch Hlth Care & Social Welf, Box 883, S-72123 Vasteras, Sweden..
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Medicinska och farmaceutiska vetenskapsområdet, centrumbildningar mm, Centre for Clinical Research, County of Västmanland.
Univ Montreal, GRIP, CP 6128,Succ Ctr Ville,Pavillon 3050, Montreal, PQ H3C 3J7, Canada.;Univ Montreal, Res Grp Child Psychosocial Maladjustment, Montreal, PQ, Canada.;Sch Psychoeduc, Montreal, PQ, Canada..
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2017 (English)In: Journal of criminal justice, ISSN 0047-2352, E-ISSN 1873-6203, Vol. 53, p. 55-65Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Purpose: Psychopathic traits are associated with multiple negative outcomes. The present prospective, longitudinal study identified associations of childhood factors with adult psychopathy scores.

Methods: 311 men, aged, on average, 33 years, were assessed using the Psychopathy Checklist-Revised (PCL-R). Predictors included neighbourhood deprivation, parents' characteristics, teacher ratings of behaviour at ages 6, 10 and 12, and academic performance at age 12. Hierarchical linear regression models were computed to identify predictors at different ages of PCL-R total and facet scores.

Results: Age 33 PCL-R total and facet scores were significantly, and independently, associated with father's and mother's criminality and mother's age at participant's birth when teacher ratings of childhood behaviours and mathematics marks were included in the models. Anxiety was negatively associated with facet 1 scores at age 6. At age 12, 22% of the variance in facet 2 scores was predicted by father's violent convictions, mother's age and criminal charges, and reactive aggression. Facet 3 scores were associated with mother's age (marginally), inattention, and reactive aggression. Facet 4 scores were associated with father's violent criminality, mother's age, conduct probleins, inattention, and reactive aggression.

Conclusion: Etiological research and prevention programs should focus on antecedents of psychopathic traits present in early childhood.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2017. Vol. 53, p. 55-65
Keyword [en]
Childhood antecedents, Adult psychopathy
National Category
Psychiatry Law and Society
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-342594DOI: 10.1016/j.jcrimjus.2017.09.003ISI: 000415141200006OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-342594DiVA, id: diva2:1185168
Available from: 2018-02-23 Created: 2018-02-23 Last updated: 2018-02-23Bibliographically approved

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