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Perceived impact of stroke six years after onset, and changes in impact between one and six years
Karolinska Inst, Huddinge, Sweden.
Vasternorrland Cty Council, Sundsvall, Sweden.
Karolinska Inst, Huddinge, Sweden.
Karolinska Inst, Huddinge, Sweden.
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2017 (English)In: Journal of Rehabilitation Medicine, ISSN 1650-1977, E-ISSN 1651-2081, Vol. 49, no 8, p. 637-643Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Objective: To examine the perceived impact of stroke between 1 and 6 years after stroke using the Stroke Impact Scale 3.0 (SIS). Design: A prospective longitudinal study.

Methods: A total of 100 individuals were assessed using the SIS 3.0 at 1 and 6 years after onset of stroke and clinically meaningful changes were explored. Changes in domain scores were calculated over time in relation to age, sex and stroke severity.

Results: The most impacted SIS domains after 6 years were Participation, Strength, Hand function, and Stroke recovery. Participants with moderate/severe stroke experienced a higher impact in all domains except Hand function and Stroke recovery, indicating more problems in everyday life, compared with those with mild stroke. Almost half of the participants had a clinically meaningful change in the domain Participation between 1 and 6 years. Those with moderate/severe stroke and the older age group experienced more negative clinically meaningful changes in several domains in comparison with those with mild stroke and the younger age group.

Conclusion: The long-term perceived impact of stroke highlights the importance of appropriate rehabilitation interventions within several areas to reduce the long-term negative impact in everyday life.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2017. Vol. 49, no 8, p. 637-643
Keyword [en]
stroke, Stroke Impact Scale, longitudinal study, rehabilitation
National Category
Neurosciences
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-343117OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-343117DiVA, id: diva2:1185521
Funder
Swedish Research Council
Available from: 2018-02-26 Created: 2018-02-26 Last updated: 2018-02-26

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