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Distant and proximate factors associated with maternal near-miss:: a nested case-control study in selected public hospitals of Addis Ababa, Ethiopia
Department of Nursing, College of Medicine and Health Sciences, Arba Minch University, Arba Minch, Ethiopia.
Department of Preventive Medicine, School of Public Health, Addis Ababa University, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia.
Department of Reproductive Health and Health Service Management, School of Public Health, Addis Ababa University, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia.
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Women's and Children's Health, International Maternal and Child Health (IMCH). (Internationell kvinno- & mödrahälsovård och migration/Essén)ORCID iD: 0000-0002-2900-2849
2018 (English)In: BMC Women's Health, ISSN 1472-6874, E-ISSN 1472-6874, Vol. 18, article id 28Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Background: Ethiopia is one of the sub-Saharan Africa countries with the highest maternal mortality. Maternalnear-misses are more common than deaths and statistically stronger for a comprehensive analysis of thedeterminants. The study aimed to identify the factors associated with maternal near-miss in selected publichospitals of Addis Ababa, Ethiopia.

Methods: We conducted a nested case-control study in five selected public hospitals of Addis Ababa, Ethiopiafrom May 1, 2015 to April 30, 2016. Participants were interviewed by well-trained data collectors using pre-testedquestionnaire. Medical records were also reviewed to gather relevant information. World Health Organizationcriteria were used to identify maternal near-miss cases. A total of three controls matched for age and study areawas selected for each maternal near-miss case. Bivariate and multivariable conditional logistic regressions wereperformed using Stata version 13.0.

Results: A total of 216 maternal near-miss cases and 648 controls were included in the study. The main factorsassociated with maternal near-miss were: history of chronic hypertension (AOR = 10.80,95% CI; 5.16–22.60), ruralresidency (AOR = 10.60,95% CI;4.59–24.46), history of stillbirth (AOR = 6.03,95% CI;2.09–17.41), no antenatal careattendance (AOR = 5.58,95% CI;1.94–16.07) and history of anemia (AOR = 5.26,95% CI;2.89–9.57).

Conclusions: There is a need for appropriate interventions in order to improve the identified factors. The factorscan be modified through a better access to medical and maternity care, scaling up of antenatal care in rural areas,improve in infrastructure to fulfill referral chain from primary level to secondary and tertiary health care levels, andhealth education to pregnant women.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2018. Vol. 18, article id 28
Keywords [en]
Maternal near-miss, Risk factors, Nested case-control, Public hospitals, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia
National Category
Medical and Health Sciences
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-343434DOI: 10.1186/s12905-018-0519-yISI: 000423740700001PubMedID: 29374484OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-343434DiVA, id: diva2:1186060
Available from: 2018-02-27 Created: 2018-02-27 Last updated: 2018-03-19Bibliographically approved

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