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Automated time-lapse microscopy a novel method for screening of antibiotic combination effects against multidrug-resistant Gram-negative bacteria
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Medical Sciences.
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Medical Sciences.
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Pharmacy, Department of Pharmaceutical Biosciences.
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Medical Sciences.
2017 (English)In: Clinical Microbiology and Infection, ISSN 1198-743X, E-ISSN 1469-0691Article in journal (Refereed) In press
Abstract [en]

Objectives

Antibiotic combinations are often used for carbapenemase-producing Enterobacteriaceae (CPE) but more data are needed on the optimal selection of drugs. This study aimed to evaluate the feasibility of a novel automated method based on time-lapse microscopy (the oCelloScope, Philips BioCell A/S, Allerød, Denmark) to determine in vitro combination effects against CPE and to discuss advantages and limitations of the oCelloScope in relation to standard methods.

Methods

Four Klebsiella pneumoniae and two Escherichia coli were exposed to colistin, meropenem, rifampin and tigecycline, alone and in combination. In the oCelloScope experiments, a background corrected absorption (BCA) value of ≤8 at 24 h was used as a primary cut-off indicating inhibition of bacterial growth. A new approach was used to determine synergy, indifference and antagonism based on the number of objects (bacteria) in the images. Static time–kill experiments were performed for comparison.

Results

The time–kill experiments showed synergy with 12 of 36 regimens, most frequently with colistin plus rifampin. BCA values ≤8 consistently correlated with 24-h bacterial concentrations ≤6 log10 CFU/mL. The classification of combination effects agreed with the time–kill results for 33 of 36 regimens. In three cases, the interactions could not be classified with the microscopy method because of low object counts.

Conclusions

Automated time-lapse microscopy can accurately determine the effects of antibiotic combinations. The novel method is highly efficient compared with time–kill experiments, more informative than checkerboards and can be useful to accelerate the screening for combinations active against multidrug-resistant Gram-negative bacteria.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2017.
Keywords [en]
Antibiotic combinations, Carbapenemases, Escherichia coli, Image analysis, Klebsiella pneumoniae, oCelloScope, Synergy, Time–kill experiments
National Category
Infectious Medicine
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-343647DOI: 10.1016/j.cmi.2017.10.029OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-343647DiVA, id: diva2:1186534
Available from: 2018-02-28 Created: 2018-02-28 Last updated: 2018-02-28

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