uu.seUppsala University Publications
Change search
CiteExportLink to record
Permanent link

Direct link
Cite
Citation style
  • apa
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association
  • vancouver
  • Other style
More styles
Language
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Other locale
More languages
Output format
  • html
  • text
  • asciidoc
  • rtf
Economic and environmental costs of replacing nuclear fission with solar and wind energy in Sweden
Univ Tasmania, Fac Sci Engn & Technol, Private Bag 55, Hobart, Tas 7001, Australia..
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Physics, Department of Physics and Astronomy, Applied Nuclear Physics.
Univ Tasmania, Fac Sci Engn & Technol, Private Bag 55, Hobart, Tas 7001, Australia..
2018 (English)In: Energy Policy, ISSN 0301-4215, E-ISSN 1873-6777, Vol. 112, p. 56-66Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Nuclear power is facing an uncertain future in Sweden due to political directives that are seeking to phase out this energy source over coming decades. Here we examine the environmental and economic costs of hypothetical future renewable-energy-focused cases compared with the current nuclear and hydroelectricity-centred mix in Sweden. We show that if wind and photovoltaics replace entire nuclear power while maintaining the current level of dispatchable backup capacity including hydroelectric power and peak gas power, 154 GW of wind power will be required and will generate 427.1 TWh (compared with the actual demand of 143.7 TWh) to reliably meet demand each hour of the year. As a consequence, the annual spending on electricity systems will be five times higher than the status quo. Increasing dispatchable power, increasing transmission capacities to other countries, and generating electricity from combined heat and power plants even when there is no heat demand, will together reduce the required capacities of wind and solar photovoltaic by half, but it will double the greenhouse gas emissions during the combustion process. In conclusion, our economic and greenhouse-gas emissions analyses demonstrate that replacing nuclear power with renewables will be neither economic nor environmentally friendly with regards to the climate.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
ELSEVIER SCI LTD , 2018. Vol. 112, p. 56-66
Keywords [en]
Nuclear power, Renewable, Sustainability assessment, Alternative cases, Optimization algorithm
National Category
Energy Systems
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-343550DOI: 10.1016/j.enpol.2017.10.013ISI: 000416615800008OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-343550DiVA, id: diva2:1188000
Available from: 2018-03-06 Created: 2018-03-06 Last updated: 2018-03-06Bibliographically approved

Open Access in DiVA

No full text in DiVA

Other links

Publisher's full text

Authority records BETA

Qvist, Staffan

Search in DiVA

By author/editor
Qvist, Staffan
By organisation
Applied Nuclear Physics
In the same journal
Energy Policy
Energy Systems

Search outside of DiVA

GoogleGoogle Scholar

doi
urn-nbn

Altmetric score

doi
urn-nbn
Total: 0 hits
CiteExportLink to record
Permanent link

Direct link
Cite
Citation style
  • apa
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association
  • vancouver
  • Other style
More styles
Language
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Other locale
More languages
Output format
  • html
  • text
  • asciidoc
  • rtf