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Cryptic female Strawberry poison frogs experience elevated predation risk when associating with an aposematic partner
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Biology, Department of Ecology and Genetics, Animal ecology. (Qvarnström)ORCID iD: 57192682739
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Biology, Department of Ecology and Genetics, Animal ecology.
Stockholm Univ, Dept Zool Ecol, Stockholm, Sweden..
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Biology, Department of Ecology and Genetics, Animal ecology.
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2017 (English)In: Ecology and Evolution, ISSN 2045-7758, E-ISSN 2045-7758, Vol. 7, no 2, p. 744-750Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Population divergence in sexual signals may lead to speciation through prezygotic isolation. Sexual signals can change solely due to variation in the level of natural selection acting against conspicuousness. However, directional mate choice (i.e., favoring conspicuousness) across different environments may lead to gene flow between populations, thereby delaying or even preventing the evolution of reproductive barriers and speciation. In this study, we test whether natural selection through predation upon mate-choosing females can favor corresponding changes in mate preferences. Our study system, Oophaga pumilio, is an extremely color polymorphic neotropical frog with two distinctive antipredator strategies: aposematism and crypsis. The conspicuous coloration and calling behavior of aposematic males may attract both cryptic and aposematic females, but predation may select against cryptic females choosing aposematic males. We used an experimental approach where domestic fowl were encouraged to find digitized images of cryptic frogs at different distances from aposematic partners. We found that the estimated survival time of a cryptic frog was reduced when associating with an aposematic partner. Hence, predation may act as a direct selective force on female choice, favoring evolution of color assortative mating that, in turn, may strengthen the divergence in coloration that natural selection has generated.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2017. Vol. 7, no 2, p. 744-750
Keywords [en]
aposematism, assortative mating, crypsis, Oophaga pumilio, predation, sexual selection, speciation
National Category
Zoology
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-345094OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-345094DiVA, id: diva2:1188573
Funder
Swedish Research CouncilAvailable from: 2018-03-07 Created: 2018-03-07 Last updated: 2018-03-07

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Segami Marzal, Julia CarolinaRudh, AndreasÖdeen, AndersQvarnström, Anna

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