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Femtosecond X-ray Fourier holography imaging of free-flying nanoparticles
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2018 (English)In: Nature Photonics, ISSN 1749-4885, E-ISSN 1749-4893, Vol. 12, no 3, p. 150-153Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Ultrafast X-ray imaging on individual fragile specimens such as aerosols 1 , metastable particles 2 , superfluid quantum systems 3 and live biospecimens 4 provides high-resolution information that is inaccessible with conventional imaging techniques. Coherent X-ray diffractive imaging, however, suffers from intrinsic loss of phase, and therefore structure recovery is often complicated and not always uniquely defined4,5. Here, we introduce the method of in-flight holography, where we use nanoclusters as reference X-ray scatterers to encode relative phase information into diffraction patterns of a virus. The resulting hologram contains an unambiguous three-dimensional map of a virus and two nanoclusters with the highest lateral resolution so far achieved via single shot X-ray holography. Our approach unlocks the benefits of holography for ultrafast X-ray imaging of nanoscale, non-periodic systems and paves the way to direct observation of complex electron dynamics down to the attosecond timescale.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2018. Vol. 12, no 3, p. 150-153
National Category
Atom and Molecular Physics and Optics
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-345590DOI: 10.1038/s41566-018-0110-yISI: 000426153800014OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-345590DiVA, id: diva2:1189349
Funder
German Research Foundation (DFG), BO3169/2-2European Regional Development Fund (ERDF), CZ.02.1.01/0.0/0.0/15European Regional Development Fund (ERDF), 003/0000447
Available from: 2018-03-09 Created: 2018-03-09 Last updated: 2018-05-04Bibliographically approved

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Publisher's full texthttps://doi.org/10.1038/s41566-018-0110-y

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Maia, Filipe R.N.CBielecki, JohanEkeberg, TomasDaurer, Benedikt J.Nettelblad, CarlHasse, DirkLarsson, Daniel S DMühlig, KerstinOkamoto, KentaPietrini, Albertovan der Schot, GijsSeibert, MarvinSvenda, MartinTimneanu, NicusorWestphal, DanielZani, AlessandroHajdu, J

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Maia, Filipe R.N.CBielecki, JohanEkeberg, TomasDaurer, Benedikt J.Nettelblad, CarlHasse, DirkLarsson, Daniel S DMühlig, KerstinOkamoto, KentaPietrini, Albertovan der Schot, GijsSeibert, MarvinSvenda, MartinTimneanu, NicusorWestphal, DanielZani, AlessandroHajdu, J
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Molecular biophysicsScience for Life Laboratory, SciLifeLabComputational ScienceNumerical AnalysisMolecular and Condensed Matter Physics
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Atom and Molecular Physics and Optics

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