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Illness-related absence among preschool children: Insights from a health intervention in Swedish preschools
Uppsala University, Units outside the University, Office of Labour Market Policy Evaluation. Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Economics.
Uppsala University, Units outside the University, Office of Labour Market Policy Evaluation.
2017 (English)In: Journal of Health Economics, ISSN 0167-6296, E-ISSN 1879-1646, Vol. 56, p. 191-200Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

We evaluate the effect of a preschool health intervention aimed at reducing infections through improved hygiene practices and training of the staff. The large-scale design enables us to study heterogeneous effects with respect to several child and preschool characteristics that are related to the level of illness-related absence. We find no reduction, on average, in children's illness-related absence. This conclusion holds across different age groups of preschool children, and for preschools with varying levels of absence before the intervention. We find some suggestive evidence that the intervention may have induced effects operating in different directions: while improved hygiene practices may have reduced illness, stricter guidelines regarding absence during infections seems to have contributed to an increased absence level, resulting in an overall zero effect. Overall, our results suggest that reducing absence through improved hygiene practices is not easily accomplished in a child care setting. (c) 2017 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Elsevier, 2017. Vol. 56, p. 191-200
Keywords [en]
Preschool, Absence due to illness
National Category
Health Care Service and Management, Health Policy and Services and Health Economy
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-345215DOI: 10.1016/j.jhealeco.2017.10.004ISI: 000423004100014PubMedID: 29111499OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-345215DiVA, id: diva2:1189395
Funder
Swedish Social Insurance AgencyAvailable from: 2018-03-09 Created: 2018-03-09 Last updated: 2018-03-09Bibliographically approved

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Hall, CarolineLindahl, Erica

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