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Using the research domain criteria (RDoC) to conceptualize impulsivity and compulsivity in relation to addiction
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Neuroscience, Functional Pharmacology. Univ Cape Town, Cape Town, South Africa..
Univ Stellenbosch, US UCT MRC Unit Anxiety & Stress Disorders, Stellenbosch, South Africa..
Univ Calif Los Angeles, David Geffen Sch Med, Los Angeles, CA, USA..
Univ Cape Town, US UCT MRC Unit Anxiety & Stress Disorders, Cape Town, South Africa..
2017 (English)In: Brain Research In Addiction / [ed] Calvey, T Daniels, WMU, ELSEVIER , 2017, p. 177-218Chapter in book (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

Nomenclature for mental disorder was updated in 2013 with the publication of the fifth edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual (DSM-5). In DSM-5, substance use disorders are framed as more dimensional. First, the distinction between abuse and dependence is replaced by substance use. Second, the addictions section now covers both substances and behavioral addictions. This contemporary move toward dimensionality and transdiagnosis in the addictions and other disorders embrace accumulating cognitive-affective neurobiological evidence that is reflected in the United States' National Institutes of Health Research Domain Criteria (NIH RDoC). TheRDoCcalls for the further development of transdiagnostic approaches to psychopathy and includes five domains to improve research. Additionally, the RDoC suggests that these domains can be measured in terms of specific units of analysis. In line with these suggestions, recent publications have stimulated updated neurobiological conceptualizations of two transdiagnostic concepts, namely impulsivity and compulsivity and their interactions that are applicable to addictive disorders. However, there has not yet been a review to examine the constructs of impulsivity and compulsivity in relation to addiction in light of the research-oriented RDoC. By doing so it may become clearer as to whether impulsivity and compulsivity function antagonistically, complementarily or in some other way at the behavioral, cognitive, and neural level and how this relationship underpins addiction. Thus, here we consider research into impulsivity and compulsivity in light of the transdiagnostic RDoC to help better understand these concepts and their application to evidence-based clinical intervention for addiction.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
ELSEVIER , 2017. p. 177-218
Series
Progress in Brain Research, ISSN 0079-6123 ; 235
Keywords [en]
RDoC, Impulsivity, Compulsivity, Addiction, ADHD, Obsessive-compulsive and related, disorders
National Category
Neurology
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-346636DOI: 10.1016/bs.pbr.2017.08.002ISI: 000414554400009PubMedID: 29054288ISBN: 978-0-12-813501-3 (print)OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-346636DiVA, id: diva2:1191934
Available from: 2018-03-21 Created: 2018-03-21 Last updated: 2018-03-21Bibliographically approved

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Brooks, Samantha

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