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Comparison of bleeding risk scores in patients with atrial fibrillation: insights from the RE-LY trial
Sapienza Univ Rome, Dept Internal Med & Med Specialties, Viale Policlin 155, I-00161 Rome, Italy.;Ist Ric Farmacol Mario Negri, IRCCS, Dept Neurosci, Milan, Italy..
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Medical Sciences, Cardiology. Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Medicinska och farmaceutiska vetenskapsområdet, centrumbildningar mm, UCR-Uppsala Clinical Research Center.
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Medicinska och farmaceutiska vetenskapsområdet, centrumbildningar mm, UCR-Uppsala Clinical Research Center.
Populat Hlth Res Inst, Hamilton, ON, Canada..
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2018 (English)In: Journal of Internal Medicine, ISSN 0954-6820, E-ISSN 1365-2796, Vol. 283, no 3, p. 282-292Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Background: Oral anticoagulation is the mainstay of stroke prevention in atrial fibrillation (AF), but must be balanced against the associated bleeding risk. Several risk scores have been proposed for prediction of bleeding events in patients with AF.

Objectives: To compare the performance of contemporary clinical bleeding risk scores in 18113 patients with AF randomized to dabigatran 110 mg, 150 mg or warfarin in the RE-LY trial.

Methods: HAS-BLED, ORBIT, ATRIA and HEMORR(2)HAGES bleeding risk scores were calculated based on clinical information at baseline. All major bleeding events were centrally adjudicated.

Results: There were 1182 (6.5%) major bleeding events during a median follow-up of 2.0 years. For all the four schemes, high-risk subgroups had higher risk of major bleeding (all P<0.001). The ORBIT score showed the best discrimination with c-indices of 0.66, 0.66 and 0.62, respectively, for major, life-threatening and intracranial bleeding, which were significantly better than for the HAS-BLED score (difference in c-indices: 0.050, 0.053 and 0.048, respectively, all P<0.05). The ORBIT score also showed the best calibration compared with previous data. Significant treatment interactions between the bleeding scores and the risk of major bleeding with dabigatran 150 mg BD versus warfarin were found for the ORBIT (P=0.0019), ATRIA (P<0.001) and HEMORR(2)HAGES (P<0.001) scores. HAS-BLED score showed a nonsignificant trend for interaction (P=0.0607).

Conclusions: Amongst the current clinical bleeding risk scores, the ORBIT score demonstrated the best discrimination and calibration. All the scores demonstrated, to a variable extent, an interaction with bleeding risk associated with dabigatran or warfarin.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
WILEY , 2018. Vol. 283, no 3, p. 282-292
Keywords [en]
anticoagulation treatment, atrial fibrillation, bleeding risk scores, dabigatran, major bleeding
National Category
Medical and Health Sciences
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-347538DOI: 10.1111/joim.12702ISI: 000425521000005PubMedID: 29044861OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-347538DiVA, id: diva2:1195028
Available from: 2018-04-04 Created: 2018-04-04 Last updated: 2018-04-04Bibliographically approved

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Hijazi, ZiadAndersson, UlrikaOldgren, JonasWallentin, Lars

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