uu.seUppsala University Publications
Change search
CiteExportLink to record
Permanent link

Direct link
Cite
Citation style
  • apa
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association
  • vancouver
  • Other style
More styles
Language
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Other locale
More languages
Output format
  • html
  • text
  • asciidoc
  • rtf
Circulating levels of perfluoroalkyl substances and left ventricular geometry of the heart in the elderly.
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Medical Sciences, Occupational and Environmental Medicine.
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Medical Sciences, Cardiovascular epidemiology.ORCID iD: 0000-0003-2335-8542
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Medical Sciences, Occupational and Environmental Medicine.
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Medical Sciences, Molecular epidemiology. Uppsala University, Science for Life Laboratory, SciLifeLab.
Show others and affiliations
2018 (English)In: Environment International, ISSN 0160-4120, E-ISSN 1873-6750, Vol. 115, p. 295-300, article id S0160-4120(17)32060-3Article in journal (Refereed) Epub ahead of print
Abstract [en]

AIMS: Some persistent organic pollutants (POPs) such as hexachlorobenzene (HCB) and some polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs) have been shown to interfere with myocardial function and geometry. We therefore investigated if also another group of POPs: per- and polyfluoroalkyl substances (PFASs) were associated with alterations in left ventricular geometry.

METHODS: 801 subjects aged 70 years were investigated in a cross-sectional study within the scope of the Prospective Investigation of the Vasculature in Uppsala Seniors (PIVUS) study. Eight PFASs were detected in >75% of participants´ plasma by ultra-performance liquid chromatograph/tandem mass spectrometry. Left ventricular geometry was determined by echocardiography. Multivariable linear regression was used to investigate the associations between PFASs and left ventricular geometry of the heart after exclusion of subjects with previous myocardial infarction (n = 72).

RESULTS: When adjusting for multiple comparisons, none of the eight PFASs evaluated were significantly related to left ventricular mass. However, perfluorononanoic acid (PFNA), perfluorodecanoic acid (PFDA), and perfluoroundecanoic acid (PFUnDA) were related to relative wall thickness (RWT) in a negative fashion (p < 0.0021). Besides being inversely related to RWT, PFNA was also positively related to left ventricular end-diastolic volume (LVEDD) (p < 0.0021). These analyses were adjusted for traditional cardiovascular risk factors.

CONCLUSION: In this cross-sectional study, several of the PFASs evaluated, especially PFNA, were related to myocardial geometry: a reduction in relative wall thickness and an increase in left ventricular diameter following adjustment for traditional cardiovascular risk factors, suggesting a role for PFASs in cardiac remodeling.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2018. Vol. 115, p. 295-300, article id S0160-4120(17)32060-3
Keyword [en]
Elderly, Environmental contaminants, Heart, Left ventricular geometry, Per- and polyfluoroalkyl substances (PFASs), Perfluorononanoic acid (PFNA)
National Category
Occupational Health and Environmental Health
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-348565DOI: 10.1016/j.envint.2018.03.033PubMedID: 29621717OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-348565DiVA, id: diva2:1197944
Available from: 2018-04-16 Created: 2018-04-16 Last updated: 2018-05-09Bibliographically approved

Open Access in DiVA

No full text in DiVA

Other links

Publisher's full textPubMed

Authority records BETA

Lind, LarsDunder, LindaSalihovic, SamiraLind, P. Monica

Search in DiVA

By author/editor
Lind, LarsDunder, LindaSalihovic, SamiraLind, P. Monica
By organisation
Occupational and Environmental MedicineCardiovascular epidemiologyMolecular epidemiologyScience for Life Laboratory, SciLifeLab
In the same journal
Environment International
Occupational Health and Environmental Health

Search outside of DiVA

GoogleGoogle Scholar

doi
pubmed
urn-nbn

Altmetric score

doi
pubmed
urn-nbn
Total: 10 hits
CiteExportLink to record
Permanent link

Direct link
Cite
Citation style
  • apa
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association
  • vancouver
  • Other style
More styles
Language
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Other locale
More languages
Output format
  • html
  • text
  • asciidoc
  • rtf