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Preschoolers' conformity (and its motivation) is linked to own and parents' personalities
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Psychology.
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Psychology.
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Psychology.ORCID iD: 0000-0002-0898-9920
2018 (English)In: British Journal of Developmental Psychology, ISSN 0261-510X, E-ISSN 2044-835XArticle in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Previous studies on conformity have primarily focused on factors that moderate conformity rates overall and paid little attention to explaining the individual differences. In the current study we investigate five factor model personality traits of both parents and children and experimentally-elicited conformity in 3.5-year-olds (N=59) using an Asch-like paradigm with which we measure both overt conformity (public responses) and covert opinions (private beliefs after conformist responses): A correct covert opinion after an incorrect conformist response results from a socially normative motivation whereas an incorrect covert opinion results from an informational motivation. Our data show (1) low parental extroversion is associated with participants’ overall rate of conformity; (2) and low participant extroversion and high openness are associated with an informational instead of a normative motivation to conform. This suggests that sensitivity to the social context or social engagement level, as manifested through extroversion, could be an important factor in conformist behaviour.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2018.
National Category
Psychology (excluding Applied Psychology)
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-348652DOI: 10.1111/bjdp.12243OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-348652DiVA, id: diva2:1198112
Funder
EU, European Research Council, ERC StG CACTUS 312292
Available from: 2018-04-16 Created: 2018-04-16 Last updated: 2018-04-18Bibliographically approved

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Hellmer, KahlStenberg, GunillaFawcett, Christine

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