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Framing ‘CPEC’ - a comparative study of Chinese and Indian perceptions of the ‘China-Pakistan Economic Corridor’
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Government.
2017 (English)Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
Abstract [en]

China’s assertive aim to resume its leading global position has become more evident since Xi Jinping entered the presidency in 2012. Under the concept of Chinese rejuvenation, Xi presented the development project ‘Belt and Road Initiative’ in 2013 with the official goal of developing struggling surrounding countries through increased economic opportunities and infrastructural design. The ‘China-Pakistan Economic Corridor’ is the flagship of BRI, which takes its place in Pakistani-occupied Kashmir. India has from the project’s initiation been directing strong opposition towards CPEC; accusing it of being an instrument of influence rather than an integrating development strategy; which finally led India to boycott the Belt and Road Forum the 15th May 2017. The aim of this study is to analyse how CPEC is framed in Chinese and Indian media to understand how geopolitical contestation works and exists within the frameworks of language, and further how language can serve as an instrument in ‘soft warfare’ between states. It also provides a more profound understanding why something is perceived as an ‘issue’ based on the identity of included actors. Furthermore, it aims to unravel what roles foreign policy can play in tense relational constellations and how such constellations can both explicitly and implicitly affect the interpretational motives of policy construction. As framing can be described as the deliberative communicative process actors are using to inform, engage, or convince, certain audiences of their agenda by formatting their own definitions of issues, framing analysis was considered as the appropriate analytical tool of this study. I have further analysed 15 Indian and 15 Chinese articles dealing with CPEC between the time period of 15th May 2017 to 15th of August 2017. The identified frames show that CPEC is understood through social constellations and constructed identities of actors, and further that the contesting character of the Sino-Indian relationship are affecting the perceptions of the project. This study thus demonstrates that foreign policies and development projects are not only evaluated through their instrumental value, but equally their social and relational context.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2017. , p. 29
Keywords [en]
China-Pakistan Economic Corridor, CPEC, One Belt One Road, BRI, China, India, Pakistan, Kashmir, Framing, Foreign Policy Analysis
National Category
Globalisation Studies
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-348997OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-348997DiVA, id: diva2:1199075
Subject / course
Development Studies
Educational program
Freestanding course
Supervisors
Available from: 2018-04-24 Created: 2018-04-19 Last updated: 2018-04-24Bibliographically approved

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CiteExportLink to record
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Cite
Citation style
  • apa
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association
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More styles
Language
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Other locale
More languages
Output format
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  • text
  • asciidoc
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