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The relationship between abdominal-height, energy consumption and glucose metabolism in obese children and adolescents.
2016 (English)Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
Abstract [en]

Diabetes type-2 and cardiovascular diseases are some of the consequences of obesity. Body Mass Index (BMI) is the most common tool for defining obesity, but measurement of the abdominal-height is something new that might work better for definition of obesity. In this study, the aim was to find out whether there was a relationship between abdominal-height, glucose metabolism and resting energy expenditure in obese children and adolescents. Furthermore, to investigate if the abdominal-height was a more appropriate tool for the definition of obesity than BMI.A retrospective study was made on 43 obese children and adolescents. Several measurements of their body composition was obtained. They had also made an oral glucose tolerance test, an indirect respiratory calorimetry, had their abdominal-height measured and made a Bodpod analysis. The patients were divided into two groups (Group 1 and 2) based on their abdominal-height, and from the same patients, two other groups were made based on their BMI (Group A and B). The patients in Group 1, with the higher abdominal-height than those in Group 2, also in average had a higher age, weight, height, BMI, fat mass and larger waist circumference and hip circumference. Their resting energy expenditure, i.e. RMR and respiratory quotient (RQ) were lower, and so were their fat-free mass. The waist/hip-ratio was very similar in the two groups. During the oral glucose tolerance test, Group 1 had a statistically significant higher number of patients with impaired glucose tolerance than Group 2. Similar differences could be seen between Group A and Group B, where Group A was comparable to Group 1 and Group B to Group 2. However, no statistically significance could be seen comparing the two groups on the impaired glucose tolerance test.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2016.
Keywords [en]
Overweight, Indirect respiratory calorimetry, Oral glucose tolerance test, BMR, BMI
National Category
Biomedical Laboratory Science/Technology
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-349039OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-349039DiVA, id: diva2:1199285
Educational program
Biomedical Laboratory Science Programme; Biomedical Laboratory Science Programme
Examiners
Available from: 2018-04-20 Created: 2018-04-20 Last updated: 2018-04-20Bibliographically approved

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  • apa
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  • de-DE
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  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
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Output format
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