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Discrimination between primary low-grade and high-grade glioma with 11C-methionine PET: a bivariate diagnostic test accuracy meta-analysis
Karolinska Inst, Dept Clin Neurosci, Stockholm, Sweden; Karolinska Univ Hosp, Dept Neuroradiol, Stockholm, Sweden.
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Surgical Sciences, Plastic Surgery.ORCID iD: 0000-0001-9107-5814
2018 (English)In: British Journal of Radiology, ISSN 0007-1285, E-ISSN 1748-880X, Vol. 91, no 1082, article id 20170426Article, review/survey (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Objective: To perform a meta-analysis evaluating the diagnostic accuracy of 11C-methionine (MET) positron emission tomography (PET) to discriminate between primary low-grade glioma (LGG) and high-grade glioma (HGG).

Methods: A systematic database search was performed by a librarian in relevant databases with the latest search on 07 November 2016. Hits were assessed for inclusion independently by two authors. Individual patient data on relative MET uptake was extracted on patients examined pre-operatively with MET PET and subsequent neuropathological diagnosis of astrocytoma or oligodendroglioma. Individual patient data were analysed for diagnostic accuracy using a bivariate diagnostic random-effects meta-analysis model with restricted maximum likelihood estimation method. Bivariate meta-regression and subgroup analyses assessed study heterogeneity and validity. This study is registered with PROSPERO, number CRD42016050747.

Results: Out of 1828 hits, 13 studies comprising of 241 individuals were included in the quantitative and qualitative analysis. MET PET had an area under the bivariate summary receiver operating characteristics curve of 0.78 to discriminate between LGG and HGG and a summary sensitivity of 0.80 with 95% confidence interval (CI) (0.66–0.88) and a summary false positive rate of 0.28, 95% CI (0.19–0.38). Heterogeneity was described by; bias in patient inclusion, study quality, and ratio method. Optimal cutoff for relative MET uptake was 2.21.

Conclusion: MET PET had a moderately high diagnostic accuracy for the discrimination between primary LGG and HGG.

Advances in knowledge: MET PET can be used as a clinical tool for the non-invasive discrimination between LGG and HGG with a moderately high accuracy at cut-off 2.21.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2018. Vol. 91, no 1082, article id 20170426
National Category
Surgery Radiology, Nuclear Medicine and Medical Imaging
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-350206DOI: 10.1259/bjr.20170426ISI: 000423547100007OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-350206DiVA, id: diva2:1204528
Available from: 2018-05-08 Created: 2018-05-08 Last updated: 2018-05-08Bibliographically approved

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