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Tailoring thermodynamic properties of metal hydrides with interfaces
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Physics, Department of Physics and Astronomy, Materials Physics.
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Physics, Department of Physics and Astronomy, Materials Theory.
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Physics, Department of Physics and Astronomy, Materials Physics.
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Physics, Department of Physics and Astronomy, Materials Physics.
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Abstract [en]

We report profound changes in the enthalpy of solution and critical temperature of nano-sizedmetal hydrides in proximity to dierent non-absorbing metals. We use Cr/V and Fe/V (001) superlatticesas model systems to map out these eects since the superlattices can be made singlecrystalline,have identical strain states and are fully reversible. The thermodynamic propertiesare determined using isothermal pressure and optical transmission measurements. We determinethe mechanism underlying the changes in the thermodynamic properties as well as the ecacyof optical transmission by utilizing simultaneous neutron reectometry and optical transmissionmeasurements, combined with rst principle calculations. The underlying mechanism, which issupported by quantitative agreement between theory and experiment is found to be rooted in aradically dierent volume expansion in the two systems. The commonly used optical transmissionmethod is found to be linear with concentration in both types of superlattices and is attributed tochanges in electron density, rather than a direct inuence from a redistribution of electronic states.The conclusions are generalized to other metal hydride systems and can open up for exploration ofproximity induced eects in metal hydrides.

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Physical Sciences
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URN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-350583OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-350583DiVA, id: diva2:1205391
Available from: 2018-05-14 Created: 2018-05-14 Last updated: 2018-05-18Bibliographically approved

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Droulias, Sotirios A.Grånäs, OscarHartmann, OlaWolff, MaxHjörvarsson, BjörgvinPálsson, Gunnar K.

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