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Den svenska säkerhetspolitiska modellen: Föreställningarna som ledde fram till beslutet om JAS 39 Gripen
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Arts, Department of History of Science and Ideas.
2018 (Swedish)Student paper other, 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
Abstract [en]

This paper examines a national high technology project in Sweden, the fighter plane JAS 39 Gripen. The focus is the political discussion during the years before the 1982 decision to develop a fighter plane within the country. The analysis has a Science and Technology Studies perspective, using the concept of sociotechnical imaginaries as an analytical tool. JAS is an ambitious national project that touches on many important issues, such as the role of warfare and science in the development of the nation. In a project of this scale, it is possible to identify sociotechnical imaginaries. JAS is a product of the society in which it was developed. In this paper national myths are used to reveal the sociotechnical imaginaries. Two myths can be identified in Sweden during the period after the second world war: neutrality and modernity. Neutrality was a part of national security doctrine and affected political decisions, foreign policy, the technological development and more. The myth of modernity encompasses a belief in the virtues of technological development and the ability to be a modern nation. The two myths together create an idea of a specifically Swedish model. This model became part of Swedish identity and is evident in the policy documents concerning the solution for a new nationally developed fighter plane. This paper identifies an important sociotechnical imaginary, that to uphold neutrality policy Sweden needs a state-of-the-art air force, which is an important part of a strong military defense. This is crucial, and expected, in a modern nation with high technological competence.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2018. , p. 26
Keywords [en]
JAS 39 Gripen, Sweden, neutrality, modernity, sociotechnical imaginaries, national myths
National Category
History of Ideas
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-351527OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-351527DiVA, id: diva2:1210383
Subject / course
History of Science and Ideas
Educational program
Systems in Technology and Society Programme
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2018-06-18 Created: 2018-05-28 Last updated: 2018-06-18Bibliographically approved

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CiteExportLink to record
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Citation style
  • apa
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association
  • vancouver
  • Other style
More styles
Language
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Other locale
More languages
Output format
  • html
  • text
  • asciidoc
  • rtf