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Depression, ångest och stress hos barnmorskor i Sverige
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Women's and Children's Health.
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Women's and Children's Health.
2018 (Swedish)Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
Abstract [sv]

Syfte: Att undersöka förekomst av symptom på depression, ångest och stress hos barnmorskor i Sverige. Syftet var vidare att undersöka eventuella skillnader i förekomst av symptom på depression, ångest och stress baserat på olika bakgrundsvariabler.

Metod: Deskriptiv och jämförande design med kvantitativ ansats. Ur svenska barnmorskeförbundet tillfrågades slumpmässigt 1000 barnmorskor om att delta. Urvalet var 470 barnmorskor.

Resultat: Förekomsten av symptom på depression var 23,2 %, ångest 12 % och stress16,8 %. Det som starkast påverkade förekomsten av symptom på depression var personrelaterad utbrändhet och livskvalitet. Det som starkast påverkade förekomsten av symptom på ångest var arbetsrelaterad och personrelaterad utbrändhet. Det som starkast påverkade förekomsten av symptom på stress var personrelaterad och arbetsrelaterad utbrändhet samt livskvalitet. Ålder påverkade förekomsten av symptom på depression, ångest och stress. Antal år i barnmorskeyrket påverkade förekomsten av symptom på ångest och stress.

Slutsats: Studien visade att en hög andel barnmorskor i Sverige visade tecken på depression, ångest och stress och att dessa fenomen hade samband med utbrändhet och livskvalitet. Resultatet anses vara relevant för att kunna förändra arbetsmiljön för barnmorskor och få fler barnmorskor att fortsätta i yrket genom ett helt arbetsliv.

Abstract [en]

Aim: To investigate the occurrence of symptoms of depression, anxiety and stress among Swedish midwives. Additionally, the aim was to investigate differences in the occurrence of symptoms of depression, anxiety and stress, based on different background variables. 

Method: Descriptive and comparative design with a quantitative approach. A thousand midwives were selected at random from the Swedish Midwifery Association, and asked to participate in the study and fill out a questionnaire. From these, a sample of 470 midwives was gathered.

Result: The prevalence of symptoms of depression was found to be 23,3 %, of anxiety 12 %, and of stress 16,8%. The factors strongest associated with symptoms of depression were personal burnout and quality of life. The factors strongest associated with symptoms of anxiety were work burnout and personal burnout. The factors strongest associated with stress were quality of life, personal burnout, and work burnout. The age of the respondent was found to affect all the three categories of mental health. The number of years the respondent had worked as a midwife affected symptoms of anxiety and stress.

Conclusion: The study showed that Swedish midwives experience symptoms of depression, anxiety and stress, and that these phenomena can be seen to correlate with quality of life and with burnout. These findings are relevant to take into consideration when changing the work environment for Swedish midwives and to make midwives stay in the profession.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2018. , p. 38
Keywords [en]
Midwife, depression, anxiety, stress
Keywords [sv]
Barnmorska, depression, ångest, stress
National Category
Medical and Health Sciences
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-352605OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-352605DiVA, id: diva2:1214139
Educational program
Midwifery programme
Presentation
2018-08-28, Barnsjukhusets konferensrummet, Barnsjukhuset, Uppsala, 11:00 (Swedish)
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2019-11-28 Created: 2018-06-05 Last updated: 2019-11-28Bibliographically approved

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