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Effects of dog-assisted intervention on quality of life in nursing home residents with dementia.
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Medicinska och farmaceutiska vetenskapsområdet, centrumbildningar mm, Centrum för klinisk forskning i Sörmland (CKFD).
2018 (English)In: Scandinavian Journal of Occupational Therapy, ISSN 1103-8128, E-ISSN 1651-2014, p. 1-8Article in journal (Refereed) Epub ahead of print
Abstract [en]

BACKGROUND: People with dementia often have a poor quality of life. Therefore, methods that can improve their life situation must be identified. One promising method is dog-assisted intervention.

AIM: This study aimed to investigate the effects of dog-assisted intervention on quality of life in nursing home residents with dementia.

MATERIALS AND METHODS: A one-group, pretest post-test study design was used. Quality of life was measured using the QUALID in 59 nursing home residents prior to and after a dog-assisted intervention. Non-parametric tests were used to analyze the data, and effect sizes were calculated.

RESULTS: The participants' total scores improved significantly between baseline and post-test 1 (p = < 0.001) and worsened significantly at post-test 2 (p = 0.025). The largest effect size was found for the item 'Verbalization suggests discomfort' (p = 0.001).

CONCLUSION: The results indicate that dog-assisted interventions can have positive effects on quality of life in nursing home residents with moderate to severe dementia.

SIGNIFICANCE: The results contribute to a growing knowledge base about non-pharmacological methods that can be used in dementia care. Occupational therapists should consider dog-assisted interventions when planning activities that can reduce the illness burden and improve the quality of life for people with dementia.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2018. p. 1-8
Keywords [en]
Animal-assisted therapy, dementia, occupational therapy, quality of life
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-352956DOI: 10.1080/11038128.2018.1467486PubMedID: 29693512OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-352956DiVA, id: diva2:1215510
Available from: 2018-06-08 Created: 2018-06-08 Last updated: 2018-06-08

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