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STRONG ENOUGH TO FIGHT ALONE: A CASE STUDY OF REBEL DEFECTION FROM EXTERNAL STATE SPONSORS
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Peace and Conflict Research.
2018 (English)Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
Abstract [en]

External state support to rebels makes armed conflicts longer, deadlier and decreases the prospects of post conflict democracy. Yet, there is little research on why rebels sometimes defect from their sponsors. The research question guiding this thesis is under what conditions do rebels defect from external state sponsors? The thesis develops and tests a theory which stipulates that as rebel military strength increases, rebels become more likely to defect from their sponsor because they are strong enough to fight alone and wish to avoid the constraints that external support imposes. The main hypothesis, that rebels are more likely to defect from their sponsor as their military strength increases, is tested through a structured focused comparison between the Tamil Eelam Liberation Organisation (TELO) and the Liberation Tigers of Tamil Eelam (LTTE). The main finding is that increased rebel military strength increases the likelihood of defection, as stronger rebels are likely to have both the ambition and strength to pursue their aims independent of the sponsor.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2018. , p. 60
Keywords [en]
Defection, External Support, Proxy Warfare, Rebels, Military Strength, Leadership Centralization, Combat Effectiveness, Territorial Control, LTTE, TELO.
National Category
Other Social Sciences not elsewhere specified
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-353055OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-353055DiVA, id: diva2:1215873
Subject / course
Peace and Conflict Studies
Educational program
Master Programme in Peace and Conflict Studies
Supervisors
Available from: 2018-06-25 Created: 2018-06-10 Last updated: 2018-06-25Bibliographically approved

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Output format
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