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Negotiating natural resources conflicts: natural resources provisions in peace agreements and the duration of post-conflict peace
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Peace and Conflict Research.
2018 (English)Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
Abstract [en]

Is peace more likely to last when natural resources are negotiated in peace agreements? This is a statistical study that sets out to test the relationship between negotiation of natural resources in peace agreements and the duration of post-conflict peace with the use of new and disaggregated data. This study develops the knowledge from previous literature on the topic of natural resources roles in both conflict and in peace and proposes a set of hypotheses that explore how the negotiation of natural resources can address the root causes of conflicts. The investigation relies on unique data on natural resources provisions in peace agreements related to natural resource conflicts from 1946 to 2016.  The statistical analysis shows limited evidence for the proposed relationships, but they are nonetheless notable. Further analyses demonstrate that conflicts over territory that have no provisions on ownership of natural resources are 96% more likely to relapse into conflict than conflicts over government. This study suggests that there is a need for a different approach in how to understand the role of natural resources to both prevent conflict and sustain peace.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2018.
Keywords [en]
natural resources, armed conflict, negotiation, peace agreement, durable peace
National Category
Social Sciences Natural Sciences
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-353059OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-353059DiVA, id: diva2:1215897
Subject / course
Peace and Conflict Studies
Educational program
Master Programme in Peace and Conflict Studies
Supervisors
Available from: 2018-06-20 Created: 2018-06-10 Last updated: 2018-06-20Bibliographically approved

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