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Re-evaluating Lijphart’s Theory of Consociational Democracy?: A Comparative Study of Bosnia-Herzegovina and Northern Ireland
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Government.
2018 (English)Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
Abstract [en]

How to best solve ethnic conflicts remains an unresolved issue in political science. How to create stable democracy in countries characterised by division has troubled political scientists for a long time. This study focuses on one proposed model for creating democracy in plural societies, namely Arend Lijphart’s consociational democracy. The most distinguishing feature of this model is elite cooperation. Lijphart identifies four key features of consociational democracy, these are a grand coalition between segments, mutual veto, proportionality and segmental autonomy. In this essay two cases where Lijphart’s theory has been implemented to try to solve ethnic conflict, Northern Ireland and Bosnia- Herzegovina, have been examined. The results show that the implementation of consociationalism differs in the two cases. One of the key features of consociationalism, segmental autonomy, is missing in Northern Ireland. The conclusion drawn is that the implementation of consociationalism cannot explain the difference in outcome regarding political stability in Northern Ireland and Bosnia-Herzegovina. 

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2018. , p. 30
National Category
Political Science
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-353348OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-353348DiVA, id: diva2:1217000
Subject / course
Political Science
Educational program
Bachelor Programme in Political Science
Supervisors
Available from: 2018-06-13 Created: 2018-06-12 Last updated: 2018-06-13Bibliographically approved

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