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Inside the Enclosed Farm: Farmers, Shepherds, and the Introduction of New Technology in Cape Wool Farming, 1865-1950
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Arts, Department of History.
2018 (English)In: International Review of Social History, ISSN 0020-8590, E-ISSN 1469-512X, Vol. 63, no 1, p. 63-89Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

This article considers the transformation of labour relations in wool farming in the Cape Colony/Province between 1865 and 1950. It focuses specifically on shepherds and how their relationship with farmers changed as a result of the requirement to improve production through the implementation of fenced camps in the late nineteenth century. It was expected that this innovation would reduce the demand among farmers for shepherds. This article shows, however, that the demand for shepherds continued due to the existence of jackals and the lack of sufficient water in the dry Karoo. It was not until the 1910s that, on the most progressive farms, the demand for shepherds was markedly reduced. But the shepherds were replaced by camp walkers - people who managed fences rather than sheep. Among farmers who had not invested in fencing and water supplies, the demand for shepherding continued, and, to compete, those farmers hired younger shepherds.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2018. Vol. 63, no 1, p. 63-89
National Category
History
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-353219DOI: 10.1017/S0020859018000019ISI: 000430063100003OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-353219DiVA, id: diva2:1217332
Available from: 2018-06-13 Created: 2018-06-13 Last updated: 2018-06-13Bibliographically approved

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Lilja, Fredrik

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