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Extending the law: An analysis of the ICC and sexual violence in armed conflict
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Theology, Department of Theology.
2018 (English)Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
Abstract [en]

In this thesis the notion of ‘victims of sexual violence in armed conflict’ within the established framework of international criminal law is explored. The current definition calls for legal and moral clarity, as the relatively young International Criminal Court (ICC) is still under development. This thesis aspires to improve the interpretation of ‘victim’, so as to include any person irrespective of their legal status. As a starting point, an overview of sexual violence as an international crime, and the status and rights of victims within the ICC are presented. This is followed by an analysis of whether the definition of victims of sexual violence in armed conflict has been broadened in recent cases before the ICC, namely in the cases of The Prosecutor v. Jean-Pierre Bemba Gombo and The Prosecutor v. Bosco Ntaganda. After presenting a discussion on the boundaries of victims of sexual violence, this thesis submits that the ICC should depart from its current understanding of victim and interpret the definition as (i) any natural persons who have (ii) suffered any harm (iii) as a result of the commission of any crime within the jurisdiction of the Court. It is hoped that this exploration will lead to further discussions about victims of sexual violence in the interpretation of the Rome Statute, and contribute to the development of international criminal law.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2018.
Keywords [en]
International criminal law • Victim • Sexual violence • Armed conflict • International Criminal Court • Rome Statute • Bemba case • Ntaganda case
Keywords [sv]
Internationell straffrätt • Offer • Sexuella övergrepp • Väpnad konflikt • Internationella brottmålsdomstolen • Romstadgan • Bemba-fallet • Ntaganda-fallet
National Category
Social Sciences
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-353676OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-353676DiVA, id: diva2:1218567
Educational program
Master Programme in Human Rights
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2018-06-14 Created: 2018-06-14 Last updated: 2018-06-14Bibliographically approved

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CiteExportLink to record
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Citation style
  • apa
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Output format
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