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Attacks on Humanitarians: The impact of UN Peacekeeping Operations' Use of Violence on Attacks Against Humanitarian Personnel
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Peace and Conflict Research.
2018 (English)Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
Abstract [en]

Attacks against humanitarian personnel in conflict contexts limit the possibility to provide humanitarian assistance to those in need. Yet, research on causes of attacks against humanitarian personnel is still under development. One explanation proposed by previous research for these attacks is the presence of United Nations peacekeeping operations, UNPKOs. This study aims at investigating whether and if so, how UNPKOs affect these attacks through the research question; how does UN peacekeeping operations affect attacks against humanitarian personnel? The tested theory provides the explanation that when UNPKOs use offensive violence against rebel groups, these retaliate by attacking humanitarian personnel, because the rebel groups do not distinguish between humanitarian personnel and UNPKOs because of blurred lines. The hypothesis, the more violence a UNPKO uses against rebel groups, the more attacks against humanitarian personnel will occur,is tested with a qualitative structured focused comparison. The comparison is made between United Nations Organization Mission in Democratic Republic of the Congo, MONUC, and United Nations Organization Stabilization Mission in the DR Congo, MONUSCO. The study’s main finding is that increased violence by the UNPKO seemingly does increase attacks against humanitarian personnel. However, due to data limitations this relationship is weak and further research is needed.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2018. , p. 71
National Category
Other Social Sciences not elsewhere specified
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-353703OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-353703DiVA, id: diva2:1218759
Subject / course
Peace and Conflict Studies
Educational program
Master Programme in Peace and Conflict Studies
Supervisors
Available from: 2018-06-25 Created: 2018-06-14 Last updated: 2018-06-25Bibliographically approved

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