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Characterization of combinatorial Cu2ZnSnS4 thin films
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Technology, Department of Engineering Sciences, Solid State Electronics.
2018 (English)Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
Abstract [en]

The kesterite Cu2ZnSnS4 (CZTS) is considered as a possible absorber layer in future photovoltaic (PV) applications. The abundance of its constituent elements along with the material being non-toxic and having a direct band gap of around 1.5 eV make it an attractive material for solar cell applications. So far, cells with an efficiency of 12.6 % have been achieved. The limiting factor is the finished cells' open circuit voltage (VOC) deficit which has been attributed to structural defects in the material. Problems with sustaining a sulfur-enriched atmosphere during the annealing step of material production have been observed, and are thought to be partially responsible for the high density of structural defects. Elemental sulfur is commonly used for inducing a sulfur-enriched atmosphere in the anneal. In this study, four combinatorial and polycrystalline CZTS thin films were prepared and annealed in different conditions with regards to time, sulfur source and amount. The samples were characterized using energy dispersive-, Raman- and photoluminescence spectroscopy. The effect of the anneal on the different composition regions were analyzed and secondary phases were identified. Introducing CuS as the sulfur source during the anneal reduced the decomposition of the CZTS phase, and lowered the density of the defect complex [ZnCu + CuZn], while enlarging the single phase region. Strictly and highly Sn-rich compositions of CZTS was observed to yield both high cation order and photoluminescence intensity, and a link between the two parameters was observed.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2018. , p. 50
Series
UPTEC ES, ISSN 1650-8300 ; 18 027
Keywords [en]
Photovoltaics, Kesterite, Material science, Raman, Photoluminescence
National Category
Energy Systems
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-354768OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-354768DiVA, id: diva2:1222587
Educational program
Master Programme in Energy Systems Engineering
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2018-06-27 Created: 2018-06-21 Last updated: 2018-06-27Bibliographically approved

Open Access in DiVA

The full text will be freely available from 2019-06-30 23:59
Available from 2019-06-30 23:59

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CiteExportLink to record
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Citation style
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