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Location and attribute analysis of ceramics, lithics, and special finds recovered during 2015 surveys and excavations in Olgulului/Olarashi Group Ranch, Kenya: A supplement to the PhD thesis of Anna C. Shoemaker (2018) on the archaeology of Amboseli
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Arts, Department of Archaeology and Ancient History, Archaeology. Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Arts, Department of Archaeology and Ancient History, African and Comparative Archaeology. (Resilience in East African Landscapes)ORCID iD: 0000-0002-1416-436X
2018 (English)Data set, Primary data
Abstract [en]

This data was acquired during the production of a PhD thesis pertaining to the archaeology of Amboseli. The amount of information obtained during ceramic and lithic analysis was often in excess of the immediate aims of this research project. This level of detail was recorded to build a robust dataset that will allow different questions to be asked of the data in the future. To facilitate ongoing analysis, supplementary data relating to the attributes and location of the lithics, ceramics, and special finds encountered during surveys and excavations has been made available here.

Place, publisher, year
2018.
National Category
Archaeology
Research subject
Archaeology
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-355266OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-355266DiVA, id: diva2:1228237
Available from: 2018-06-27 Created: 2018-06-27 Last updated: 2018-07-02Bibliographically approved

Open Access in DiVA

Location and attribute analysis of ceramic sherds recovered during surveys in Olgulului Olarashi group ranch(73 kB)14 downloadsDescription of content
File information
File name DATASET01.xlsxFile size 73 kBChecksum SHA-512Description During surveys, all ceramic artifacts encountered were collected, bagged and labelled with a waypoint generated by a Garmin handheld GPS device. Artifacts less than 5 m apart were frequently assigned the same waypoint. Surveys were conducted between February and March of 2015 with a team of four to six surveyors. Surveyors were spaced approximately 15-20 m apart. As a team walking in tracts estimated to be 100 m across, an approximate total area of 9.73 km2 was surveyed. More information on survey design can be found in my published thesis. All ceramic sherds were deposited in the National Museums of Kenya. Sherds were washed using water and a soft-bristle brush. All ceramics were categorized as either rims, handles, necks, bases, or non-diagnostic body sherds. Maximum thickness and weight was recorded for each sherd, and maximum dimensions were also recorded for all rims. A small area on a broken edge of each sherd was drilled using a Dremel 4000 drill fitted with a 1 mm diamond-coated burr. This was done in order to be able to see the inclusions, which were classified according to size and percentage (after Mathew et al. 1991), and degree of sorting (after Barraclough 1992). Where I felt confident, inclusion type was noted (i.e. mica, quartz, volcanic stone). Sherd colours were recorded using a Munsell Colour Guide. A ceramic profile gauge was used to extrapolate the total rim diameter of each rim sherd that was large enough to be measured. Form and body characteristics were approximated where possible by looking at rim form and rim diameter estimates.
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Location and attribute analysis of ceramic sherds recovered during excavations in Olgulului Olarashi group ranch(48 kB)11 downloadsDescription of content
File information
File name DATASET02.xlsxFile size 48 kBChecksum SHA-512Description More information pertaining to the sites from which these sherds were recovered from, as well as the methods of excavation of these sites can be found in my published thesis. Ceramic sherds have been deposited at the National Museums of Kenya (NMK). Sherds were washed using water and a soft-bristle brush. All ceramics were categorized as either rims, handles, necks, bases, or non-diagnostic body sherds. Maximum thickness and weight was recorded for each sherd, and maximum dimensions were also recorded for all rims. A small area on a broken edge of each sherd was drilled using a Dremel 4000 drill fitted with a 1 mm diamond-coated burr. This was done in order to be able to see the inclusions, which were classified according to size and percentage (after Mathew et al. 1991), and degree of sorting (after Barraclough 1992). Where I felt confident, inclusion type was noted (i.e. mica, quartz, volcanic stone). Sherd colours were recorded using a Munsell Colour Guide. A ceramic profile gauge was used to extrapolate the total rim diameter of each rim sherd that was large enough to be measured. Form and body characteristics were approximated where possible by looking at rim form and rim diameter estimates.
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Type datasetMimetype application/vnd.openxmlformats-officedocument.spreadsheetml.sheet
Location and attribute analysis of lithic artifacts recovered during surveys in Olgulului Olarashi group ranch(254 kB)17 downloadsDescription of content
File information
File name DATASET03.xlsxFile size 254 kBChecksum SHA-512Description During the survey all lithic artifacts encountered were collected, bagged and labelled with a waypoint generated by a Garmin handheld GPS device. Artifacts less than 5 m apart were frequently assigned the same waypoint. Surveys were conducted between February and March of 2015 with a team of four to six surveyors. Surveyors were spaced approximately 15-20 m apart, and as a team walking in tracts estimated to be 100 m across, an approximate total area of 9.73 km2 was surveyed. More information on survey design can be found in my published thesis. All lithics collected have been stored at the National Museums of Kenya. Preliminary sorting was undertaken by James Munene, with a more intensive programme of discrete variable data collection completed by Emily Hallinan. Various quantitative measurements and qualitative attribute descriptions were generated for each lithic artifact, and information pertaining to this can be found in my published thesis.
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Type datasetMimetype application/vnd.openxmlformats-officedocument.spreadsheetml.sheet
Attribute analysis of lithic artifacts recovered during excavations in Olgulului Olarashi group ranch(15 kB)23 downloadsDescription of content
File information
File name DATASET04.xlsxFile size 15 kBChecksum SHA-512Description More information pertaining to the sites from which these lithics were recovered from, as well as the methods of excavation of these sites can be found in my published thesis. All lithics collected are at the National Museums of Kenya. Preliminary sorting was undertaken by James Munene, with a more intensive programme of discrete variable data collection completed by Emily Hallinan. Various quantitative measurements and qualitative attribute descriptions were generated for each lithic artifact, and information pertaining to this can be found in my published thesis.
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Type datasetMimetype application/vnd.openxmlformats-officedocument.spreadsheetml.sheet
Location of special finds encountered during surveys in Olgulului Olarashi group ranch(29 kB)18 downloadsDescription of content
File information
File name DATASET05.xlsFile size 29 kBChecksum SHA-512Description During the surveys special finds that were collected were labelled with a waypoint generated by a Garmin handheld GPS device. Artifacts less than 5 m apart were frequently assigned the same waypoint. Surveys were conducted between February and March of 2015 with a team of four to six surveyors. Surveyors were spaced approximately 15-20 m apart. As a team walking in tracts estimated to be 100 m across, an approximate total area of 9.73 km2 was surveyed. More information on survey design can be found in my published thesis. Some of the special finds collected during surveys, including cowry shells and ground stone implements, were encountered rarely enough that we simply retained and mapped the position of all specimens. Metal artifacts on the other hand were only collected when they looked sufficiently ‘old’, which was a somewhat arbitrary distinction but based on the presence of corrosion and weathering. Additionally, not all beads were collected during surveys. I relied on the experience of local research assistants to estimate which beads could predate the last 50 years, and which were more obviously modern, and only the former were retained. Finally, stone cairns that were encountered during surveys were mapped using the GPS. All special finds (exempting the stone cairns) have been deposited in the National Museums of Kenya.
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Type datasetMimetype application/vnd.ms-excel

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Citation style
  • apa
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