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Spectroscopic Fingerprints of Carbon Nitride Functional Groups Locked-up in Intermolecular H-bonding Interactions
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Physics, Department of Physics and Astronomy, Molecular and Condensed Matter Physics.
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Physics, Department of Physics and Astronomy, Materials Theory.
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Physics, Department of Physics and Astronomy, Molecular and Condensed Matter Physics.ORCID iD: 0000-0001-8739-7773
Department of Physics University of Trieste.
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(English)In: Chemistry: A European Journal, ISSN 0947-6539Article in journal (Refereed) Submitted
Abstract [en]

We have investigated the effect of intermolecular H- bonding interactions on the local electronic structure of N- functionalities, amino group and pyridine-like N, which are characteristic of a new class of metal-free polymeric photo-catalysts named graphitic carbon nitrides, g-C3N4. Specifically, we have performed a characterization of the melamine molecule, a building block of g-C3N4, combining X-ray photoemission (XPS) and near edge X-ray absorption fine structure (NEXAFS) spectroscopy. The molecule has been studied in the gas phase, as non-interacting system, and in the solid state within a hydrogen bonded network. With the support of density functional theory (DFT) simulations of the spectra, we have found that the H-bonds mainly affect the N 1s level of the amino group, leaving the N 1s level of the pyridine-like N mostly unperturbed. This fact is responsible for a reduction of the chemical shift between the two XPS N 1s levels, compared to the free melamine. Consequently, N K-edge NEXAFS resonances involving the amino N 1s level also shift to lower photon energies. Moreover, the solid state absorption spectra have shown strong modification/quenching of resonances related with transitions from the amino N 1s level towards σ*orbitals involving the -NH2 terminations. 

National Category
Physical Sciences
Research subject
Physics with spec. in Atomic, Molecular and Condensed Matter Physics
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-355123OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-355123DiVA, id: diva2:1228915
Available from: 2018-06-29 Created: 2018-06-29 Last updated: 2018-06-29
In thesis
1. Synchrotron Radiation Studies of Molecular Building Blocks for Functional Materials
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Synchrotron Radiation Studies of Molecular Building Blocks for Functional Materials
2018 (English)Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

The research on new materials is a primary driving force for progress in human society. One of the most significant research topic nowadays is the development of new functional materials for technological applications, like perovskite implemented in solar cells, and graphene as a representative for the new 2D materials family. It is then crucial to fully understand the functionality of such materials from a fundamental point of view, as a complementary and useful guide to develop/design new devices of improved performance and energy efficiency.

In the thesis, comprehensive characterizations of molecular building blocks used in i) novel energy conversion devices (CoPc, TPA, DPTA and m-MTDATA), and ii) in 2D materials (biphenylene and melamine) have been performed by PhotoElectron Spectroscopy (PES), and Near Edge X-ray Absorption Fine Structure (NEXAFS) spectroscopy carried out at synchrotron radiation facilities, representing effective, powerful light source dedicated to the front-line materials research of great value in both science and industry. PES and NEXAFS spectroscopy, in combination with Density Functional Theory (DFT) calculations have provided a deep understanding of the electronic structure of the investigated systems in relation to their functionality. The investigations always included the combination and comparison between experimental and theoretical results. The studied molecules were characterized as free and adsorbed on surfaces, from the simple building blocks to more complex molecular systems. The characterizations allowed us to identify the electronic structure modifications due to substitutions (Paper III), increasing complexity of the molecules (Paper V), molecule-substrate interactions (Paper I, II, IV, V) and intra-molecular H-bonding interactions (Paper VI).

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Uppsala: Acta Universitatis Upsaliensis, 2018. p. 97
Series
Digital Comprehensive Summaries of Uppsala Dissertations from the Faculty of Science and Technology, ISSN 1651-6214 ; 1693
Keywords
Synchrotron radiation study, Functional materials, Molecular building blocks, Electron donor, 2D material, Gas-phase, Organic thin film, Electronic structure, Molecule-molecule interaction, Molecule-substrate interaction, Photoelectron spectroscopy, PES, XPS, Near edge X-ray absorption fine structure, NEXAFS, X-ray Absorption Spectroscopy, XAS, Au(111), Cu(111), Surface, Interface, Electronic structure, H-bonding, Cobalt phthalocyanine, CoPc, Triphenylamine, TPA, DPTA, m-MTDATA, Melamine, Biphenylene, Carbon nitride, Graphenylene, Density functional theory, DFT
National Category
Atom and Molecular Physics and Optics Condensed Matter Physics
Research subject
Physics with spec. in Atomic, Molecular and Condensed Matter Physics
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-354766 (URN)978-91-513-0383-3 (ISBN)
Public defence
2018-09-07, Häggsalen, Ångström Laboratory, Lägerhyddsvägen 1, Uppsala, 10:15 (English)
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Supervisors
Available from: 2018-08-14 Created: 2018-06-29 Last updated: 2018-08-28

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Lanzilotto, ValeriaZhang, TengSimonov, KonstantinAraujo, Carlos MoysesBrena, BarbaraPuglia, Carla

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