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Occupational gender composition and mild to severe depression in a Swedish cohort: The impact of psychosocial work factors
Stockholm Univ, Stress Res Inst, SE-10691 Stockholm, Sweden.
Stockholm Univ, Stress Res Inst, SE-10691 Stockholm, Sweden.
Stockholm Univ, Stress Res Inst, SE-10691 Stockholm, Sweden.ORCID iD: 0000-0001-8433-2405
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Public Health and Caring Sciences, Public Health.ORCID iD: 0000-0002-4095-7961
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2018 (English)In: Scandinavian Journal of Public Health, ISSN 1403-4948, E-ISSN 1651-1905, Vol. 46, no 3, p. 425-432Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Aims: The aim of the present study was to investigate associations between occupational gender composition, psychosocial work factors and mild to severe depression in Swedish women and men with various educational backgrounds.

Methods: The study included 5560 participants from two waves of the Swedish Longitudinal Occupational Survey of Health, an approximately representative sample of the Swedish working population. Odds ratios (OR) and 95% confidence intervals of mild to severe depression in 2014 were estimated for five strata of occupational gender composition with >20-40%, >40-60%, >60-80% and >80-100% women, using 0-20% women as the reference. Analyses were stratified by gender and education. Job strain, organisational injustice, poor social support and effort-reward imbalance in 2012 were added in separate models, and changes in OR of mild to severe depression for strata of occupational gender composition were evaluated.

Results: Among women, the odds of mild to severe depression did not vary by occupational gender composition. Among men with low to intermediate education, the odds were higher in the stratum with >80-100% women, and among men with high education, the odds were higher in strata with >20-40% and >60-80% women. Psychosocial work factors affected the odds ratios of mild to severe depression, but most of the variation remained unexplained.

Conclusions: Odds of mild to severe depression appeared to vary by occupational gender composition among Swedish men but not women. This variation seemed only to a small extent to be explained by psychosocial work factors.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
SAGE PUBLICATIONS LTD , 2018. Vol. 46, no 3, p. 425-432
Keywords [en]
Occupational gender composition, depression, psychosocial work factors, prospective study, nationally representative sample
National Category
Public Health, Global Health, Social Medicine and Epidemiology
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-356320DOI: 10.1177/1403494817745736ISI: 000432124600019PubMedID: 29207928OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-356320DiVA, id: diva2:1235240
Funder
Forte, Swedish Research Council for Health, Working Life and Welfare, 2016-07179Swedish Research Council, 2009-6192Swedish Research Council, 825-2013-1645Swedish Research Council, 821-2013-1646Swedish Research Council, 344-2011-5478Forte, Swedish Research Council for Health, Working Life and Welfare, 2005-0734Forte, Swedish Research Council for Health, Working Life and Welfare, 2009-1077Available from: 2018-07-24 Created: 2018-07-24 Last updated: 2020-01-27Bibliographically approved

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Hammarström, Anne

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