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Deux cosmopolites suédois au XVIIIe siècle: Le roi Gustave III et le naturaliste Carl Peter Thunberg
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Arts, Department of Literature.
2018 (French)In: Entre Pologne et France, le Cosmopolitisme des Lumières: Rome, 23-24 juin 2017 / [ed] Anna Grzeskowiak-Krwawicz; Dominique Triaire; Piotr Ugniewski, Roma: Accademia Polacca delle Scienze, Biblioteca e centro di studi a Roma , 2018, p. 107-130Chapter in book (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

The Swedish king Gustav III (1746-92) and his subject, the naturalist Carl Peter Thunberg (1743-1828), can both, in different respects, be characterized as cosmopolitans. Gustav III, born in Stockholm of German parents – his mother was the sister of Frederick the Great – belonged to an aristocratic European elite for which French was the common language and Enlightenment culture was a given reference. As a sovereign, though, he had to assert the interests of his realm on the international arena. He waged war against his first cousin Catherine II, born a German princess. His main achievement, in retrospect, is the creation of cultural institutions which successfully fused Swedish patriotism and European, chiefly French cosmopolitanism: the Royal Opera in Stockholm and the Swedish Academy. – The Linnaean naturalist Thunberg was born in a modest Swedish home, but his studies in medicine and botany in Uppsala and Paris enabled him to travel in Dutch service to secluded Japan via Southern Africa and Java. He brought back unique African and Asian collections to Europe, which helped him secure the Linnaean chair at Uppsala University. As a professor there, he kept a vast correspondence network over several continents. During his voyage, his achievements in Dutch territories in Africa and Asia were conditioned by his acceptance of the colonial infrastructure. In independent Japan, meanwhile, he was able to set up a system of mutual exchanges with members of Japanese intellectual elites.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Roma: Accademia Polacca delle Scienze, Biblioteca e centro di studi a Roma , 2018. p. 107-130
Series
Conferenze Accademia Polacca delle Scienze, ISSN 0239-8605 ; 139
National Category
Humanities and the Arts
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-356588ISBN: 8363305502 (print)ISBN: 978-83-63305-50-5 (print)OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-356588DiVA, id: diva2:1236316
Available from: 2018-08-01 Created: 2018-08-01 Last updated: 2020-02-05Bibliographically approved

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Skuncke, Marie-Christine

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