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Modelling Techniques for Large-Eddy Simulation of Wall-Bounded Turbulent Flows
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Mathematics and Computer Science, Department of Information Technology, Division of Scientific Computing. Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Mathematics and Computer Science, Department of Information Technology, Numerical Analysis.ORCID iD: 0000-0002-2195-8408
2018 (English)Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

Large-eddy simulation (LES) is a highly accurate turbulence modelling approach in which a wide range of spatial and temporal scales of the flow are resolved. However, LES becomes prohibitively computationally expensive when applied to wall-bounded flows at high Reynolds numbers, which are typical of many industrial applications. This is caused by the need to resolve very small, yet dynamically important flow structures found in the inner region of turbulent boundary layers (TBLs). To remove the restrictive resolution requirements, coupling LES with special models for the flow in the inner region has been proposed. The predictive accuracy of this promising approach, referred to as wall-modelled LES (WMLES), requires further analysis and validation. 

In this work, systematic simulation campaigns of canonical wall-bounded flows have been conducted to support the development of a complete methodology for highly accurate WMLES on unstructured grids. Two novel algebraic wall-stress models are also proposed and shown to be more robust and precise than the classical approaches of the same type. 

For turbulence simulations, it is often challenging to provide accurate conditions at the inflow boundaries of the domain. Here, a novel methodology is proposed for generating an inflow TBL using a precursor simulation of turbulent channel flow. A procedure for determining the parameters of the precursor based on the Reynolds number of the inflow TBL is given. The proposed method is robust and easy to implement, and its accuracy is demonstrated to be on par with other state-of-the-art approaches. 

To make the above investigations possible, several software packages have been developed in the course of the work on this thesis. This includes a Python package for post-processing the flow simulation results, a Python package for inflow generation methods, and a library for WMLES based on the general-purpose software for computational fluid dynamics OpenFOAM. All three codes are publicly released under an open-source licence to facilitate their use by other research groups.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Uppsala: Acta Universitatis Upsaliensis, 2018. , p. 91
Series
Digital Comprehensive Summaries of Uppsala Dissertations from the Faculty of Science and Technology, ISSN 1651-6214 ; 1697
Keywords [en]
Wall modelling, Inflow generation, Large-eddy simulation, OpenFOAM, Computational fluid dynamics
National Category
Computational Mathematics
Research subject
Scientific Computing
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-356729ISBN: 978-91-513-0394-9 (print)OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-356729DiVA, id: diva2:1236761
Public defence
2018-09-21, ITC 2446, Lägerhyddsvägen 2, Uppsala, 10:15 (English)
Opponent
Supervisors
Funder
Swedish Research Council, 621-2012-3721Available from: 2018-08-31 Created: 2018-08-05 Last updated: 2018-09-10
List of papers
1. The generation of turbulent inflow boundary conditions using precursor channel flow simulations
Open this publication in new window or tab >>The generation of turbulent inflow boundary conditions using precursor channel flow simulations
2017 (English)In: Computers & Fluids, ISSN 0045-7930, E-ISSN 1879-0747, Vol. 156, p. 21-33Article in journal (Refereed) Published
National Category
Computational Mathematics
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-302801 (URN)10.1016/j.compfluid.2017.06.020 (DOI)000411848100003 ()
Projects
eSSENCE
Available from: 2017-06-23 Created: 2016-09-09 Last updated: 2018-08-05Bibliographically approved
2. Eddylicious: A Python package for turbulent inflow generation
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Eddylicious: A Python package for turbulent inflow generation
2018 (English)In: SoftwareX, E-ISSN 2352-7110, Vol. 7, p. 112-114Article in journal (Refereed) Published
National Category
Computational Mathematics
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-302803 (URN)10.1016/j.softx.2018.04.001 (DOI)000457139300021 ()
Available from: 2018-04-17 Created: 2016-09-09 Last updated: 2019-03-14Bibliographically approved
3. Effect of wall-stress model and mesh-cell topology on the predictive accuracy of LES for wall-bounded flows
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Effect of wall-stress model and mesh-cell topology on the predictive accuracy of LES for wall-bounded flows
2018 (English)In: Proc. 7th European Conference on Computational Fluid Dynamics, European Community on Computional Methods in Applied Sciences (ECCOMAS), 2018Conference paper, Published paper (Refereed)
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
European Community on Computional Methods in Applied Sciences (ECCOMAS), 2018
National Category
Fluid Mechanics and Acoustics Computational Mathematics
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-356047 (URN)
Conference
ECFD 2018, June 11–15, Glasgow, UK
Available from: 2018-06-12 Created: 2018-07-12 Last updated: 2018-08-05Bibliographically approved
4. A-priori study of wall modeling in large eddy simulation
Open this publication in new window or tab >>A-priori study of wall modeling in large eddy simulation
2018 (English)In: Proc. 7th European Conference on Computational Fluid Dynamics, European Community on Computional Methods in Applied Sciences (ECCOMAS), 2018Conference paper, Published paper (Refereed)
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
European Community on Computional Methods in Applied Sciences (ECCOMAS), 2018
National Category
Fluid Mechanics and Acoustics Computational Mathematics
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-356045 (URN)
Conference
ECFD 2018, June 11–15, Glasgow, UK
Available from: 2018-06-12 Created: 2018-07-12 Last updated: 2018-10-07Bibliographically approved
5. Turbulucid: A Python package for post-processing of fluid flow simulations
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Turbulucid: A Python package for post-processing of fluid flow simulations
2018 (English)In: Journal of Open Research Software, E-ISSN 2049-9647, Vol. 6, article id 23Article in journal (Refereed) Published
National Category
Software Engineering
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-356438 (URN)10.5334/jors.213 (DOI)
Available from: 2018-11-02 Created: 2018-07-27 Last updated: 2018-11-10Bibliographically approved
6. A library for wall-modelled large-eddy simulation based on OpenFOAM technology
Open this publication in new window or tab >>A library for wall-modelled large-eddy simulation based on OpenFOAM technology
2018 (English)In: Computer Physics Communications, ISSN 0010-4655, E-ISSN 1879-2944Article in journal (Other academic) Submitted
National Category
Fluid Mechanics and Acoustics Computational Mathematics
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-356462 (URN)
Available from: 2018-07-31 Created: 2018-07-27 Last updated: 2018-10-07Bibliographically approved

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