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Horizontal electric fields of lightning return strokes and narrow bipolar pulses observed in Sri Lanka
Univ Colombo, Dept Phys, Colombo 3, Sri Lanka.
Univ Colombo, Dept Phys, Colombo 3, Sri Lanka.
Univ Colombo, Dept Phys, Colombo 3, Sri Lanka.
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Technology, Department of Engineering Sciences, Electricity.
2018 (English)In: Journal of Atmospheric and Solar-Terrestrial Physics, ISSN 1364-6826, E-ISSN 1879-1824, Vol. 173, p. 57-65Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Simultaneous measurement of both vertical and horizontal electric field signatures of lightning was carried out in an elevated location in Colombo, Sri Lanka. The experimental setup used in this work was similar to an earlier study carried out by a different group in the late 1980s. To our knowledge, this is the first instance that such a study is conducted in this region. Data were acquired during the active months (April-May) of the southwest monsoon period in 2014. Lightning flashes from the most active thunderstorm was analyzed by selecting 65 Return Strokes (RS), 50 Negative Narrow Bipolar Pulses (NNBP) and 40 Positive Narrow Bipolar Pulses (PNBP). The wave shapes were initially validated against results of a previous study and subsequently via a theoretical method as well. Since the direction and the distance information was not available, rather than the amplitudes, ratios of the peak amplitudes of vertical electric field (Ev) and corresponding horizontal electric field (Eh) were compared. The average ratio for the return stroke was 0.024 +/- 0.008. The same for the NNBP was 0.041 +/- 0.004. The PNBP had a ratio of 0.031 +/- 0.006. The average 10%-90% rise times (Tr) for Ev for RS, NNBP and PNBP was 2.124 +/- 1.088 mu s, 0.734 +/- 0.077 is and 1.141 +/- 0.311 mu s respectively. The Tr values for Eh for RS, NNBP and PNBP were 1.865 +/- 1.200 mu s, 0.538 +/- 0.061 mu s and 1.086 +/- 0.423 mu s.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2018. Vol. 173, p. 57-65
National Category
Meteorology and Atmospheric Sciences Engineering and Technology
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-357677DOI: 10.1016/j.jastp.2018.04.010ISI: 000433653800007OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-357677DiVA, id: diva2:1240142
Available from: 2018-08-20 Created: 2018-08-20 Last updated: 2018-08-23Bibliographically approved

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