uu.seUppsala University Publications
Change search
CiteExportLink to record
Permanent link

Direct link
Cite
Citation style
  • apa
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association
  • vancouver
  • Other style
More styles
Language
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Other locale
More languages
Output format
  • html
  • text
  • asciidoc
  • rtf
Bad mot Lort och Sjukdom: Den privathygieniska utvecklingen i Sverige 1880–1949
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Economic History.ORCID iD: 0000-0003-2551-6794
2018 (Swedish)Doctoral thesis, monograph (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

In this thesis, the question of why a large number of small, modest, public baths (saunas) were built on the Swedish countryside during 1920–1949 has been analysed. The specific research question has been: How did the idea of the need for the baths, as well better personal hygiene among the Swedish population, develop? The study is based on a number of different sources, including governmental registers, records, and motions to parliament, reports from the organization of the district medical officers, popular science books, leaflets, schoolbooks and magazines.

When bacteria were identified in the mid-19th century, the new knowledge spread around the world. In Sweden, the district medical officers made personal hygiene (skin care) a main question in the 1890s as a way of making their work important to their employer, Medicinalstyrelsen. It was also away to demonstrate their importance and unique competence when it came to preventive healthcare. The new knowledge, based on assembled health statistics and the idea of hygiene, was distributed to the population through literature such as schoolbooks, women’s magazines, and works of popular science, as well as through compulsory school baths for children. In the end, after almost 40 years, the arguments for personal hygiene formed an ideology that reached the government and resulted in a decision that supported the building boom of small public baths on the Swedish countryside, known as badstugor, to meet the need of an improved personal hygiene in areas where municipal water- and drainage systems were still not established.

This study contributes to the understanding of personal and societal change. This study also focuses on how economics can be affected by help, adding to the field of economic history. Another aspect is how changes of norms, as well as strong beliefs, can lead to societal changes, new social norms and change behaviour of a population.

Abstract [sv]

I slutet av 1800-talet inleddes i liten skala byggandet av offentliga badstugor på den svenska landsbygden. Efter en långsam tillväxtfas uppfördes under perioden 1920-1949 tusentals nya badstugor. Därefter avtog byggandet snabbt. Samtidigt spreds budskap som ”Ett bad i veckan” och ”Bad är hälsa” till befolkningen främst genom skolböcker och veckotidningar. Barnen skulle dessutom lära sig att bada genom så kallade skolbad.

I denna avhandling undersöks bakgrunden till badstugubyggnationen lika väl som hur idén om folkbad och behovet av en förbättrad personlig hygien uppstod, formulerades, förmedlades, förankrades och förverkligades i slutet av 1800-talet och under 1900-talets första hälft. Varför ansågs det så viktigt att människor skulle sköta sin personliga hygien bättre? Vilka var de drivande aktörerna? Till vilka riktade sig budskapet? Och slutligen hur finansierades alla dessa badstugor? Detta och lite till besvaras i denna ekonomisk-historiska avhandling där analyser av riksdagsprotokoll, riksdagsmotioner, regeringspropositioner, skolböcker, veckotidningar, pamfletter, föredrag och medicinska undersökningar skapar en bild av hur normen för personlig hygien förändrades under perioden 1880-1949, lika väl som hur den privathygieniska frågan kom att skapas av några få för att slutligen bli en samhällsfråga som engagerade alla. 

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Uppsala: Acta Universitatis Upsaliensis, 2018. , p. 259
Series
Uppsala Studies in Economic History, ISSN 0346-6493 ; 116
Keywords [en]
Medical officer, Health care, Hygiene, Medical history, Medical science, Personal hygiene, Norm, Normalization, Popular science, Media, Professionalization, Public baths, Public health, Sauna, Bathhouses, Rural Sweden
Keywords [sv]
Bastu, Badhus, Badstugor, Befolkningsekonomi, Bakteriologi, Befolkningshistoria, Beteendeekonomi, Beteendevetenskap, Bioetik, Ekonomi, Ekonomiskhistoria, Ekonomiskpolitik, Ekonomiskpsykologi, Folkbad, Folkbildning, Folkhälsa, Folkhälsoforskning, Folkrörelse, Folkrörelsehistoria, Förtroende, Förtroendeforskning, Hygien, Hygienvetenskap, Hälsovård, Ideologi, Kvinnohistoria, Landsbygd, Media, Mediahistoria, Medicinhistoria, Nationalekonomi, Normalisering, Normer, Offentliga bad, Personlig hygien, Populärvetenskap, Privathygien, Processpårning, Professionalisering, Provinsialläkare, Samhällsekonomi, Samhällshistoria, Textanalys, Utbildningshistoria, Välfärd, Välfärdssverige
National Category
Economic History
Research subject
Economic History
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-360875ISBN: 978-91-513-0446-5 (print)OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-360875DiVA, id: diva2:1249611
Public defence
2018-11-09, Hörsal 2, Ekonomikum, Kyrkogårdsgatan 10, Uppsala, 13:15 (Swedish)
Opponent
Supervisors
Available from: 2018-10-19 Created: 2018-09-19 Last updated: 2018-11-13Bibliographically approved

Open Access in DiVA

fulltext(5789 kB)480 downloads
File information
File name FULLTEXT01.pdfFile size 5789 kBChecksum SHA-512
3948cb205fc0a6cc33098eb280f9f3045a15a2ba396609c9c0e5c9adaab537464e63097d24d1eae6de98393c32291137250461fbdf33655233c12e71f08a8b34
Type fulltextMimetype application/pdf
Buy this publication >>

Authority records BETA

Wiell, Karolina

Search in DiVA

By author/editor
Wiell, Karolina
By organisation
Department of Economic History
Economic History

Search outside of DiVA

GoogleGoogle Scholar
Total: 480 downloads
The number of downloads is the sum of all downloads of full texts. It may include eg previous versions that are now no longer available

isbn
urn-nbn

Altmetric score

isbn
urn-nbn
Total: 3633 hits
CiteExportLink to record
Permanent link

Direct link
Cite
Citation style
  • apa
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association
  • vancouver
  • Other style
More styles
Language
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Other locale
More languages
Output format
  • html
  • text
  • asciidoc
  • rtf