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Sputtering of polished EUROFER97 steel: Surface structure modification and enrichment with tungsten and tantalum
KTH Royal Inst Technol, Sch Elect Engn & Comp Sci, Dept Fus Plasma Phys, SE-10044 Stockholm, Sweden.
KTH Royal Inst Technol, Sch Elect Engn & Comp Sci, Dept Fus Plasma Phys, SE-10044 Stockholm, Sweden.
Max Planck Inst Plasma Phys, D-85748 Garching, Germany.
Max Planck Inst Plasma Phys, D-85748 Garching, Germany.
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2018 (English)In: Journal of Nuclear Materials, ISSN 0022-3115, E-ISSN 1873-4820, Vol. 508, p. 139-146Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Surface structure modification and enrichment with tungsten and tantalum were measured for polished EUROFER97 samples after exposure to a deuterium ion beam. Time-of-flight medium energy ion scattering and time-of-flight elastic recoil detection analysis were implemented for measuring atomic composition profiles. Atomic force microscopy and optical microscopy were used to investigate surface morphology. The deuterium particle fluence was varied between 10(21) D/m(2) and 10(24) D/m(2), projectile energy was 200 eV/D and exposure temperatures up to 1050 K were applied. The average fraction of tungsten plus tantalum to total metal content in the 2 nm closest to the sample surface was increased from an initial 0.0046 to 0.12 for the sample exposed to the highest fluence at room temperature. The enrichment was accompanied by an increase in surface roughness of one order of magnitude and grain dependent erosion of the material. The appearance of protrusions with heights up to approximately 40 nm after ion beam exposure at room temperature was observed on individual grains. Samples exposed to 10(23) D/m(2) at temperatures of 900 K and 1050 K displayed recrystallization and cracking while changes to the total surface fraction of tungsten and tantalum were limited to less than a factor of two compared to the sample exposed to the same fluence at room temperature.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
ELSEVIER SCIENCE BV , 2018. Vol. 508, p. 139-146
Keywords [en]
EUROFER, Sputtering, Erosion, ToF-MEIS, AFM, ToF-ERDA
National Category
Materials Chemistry
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-361484DOI: 10.1016/j.jnucmat.2018.05.031ISI: 000439134500016OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-361484DiVA, id: diva2:1251538
Funder
Swedish Foundation for Strategic Research , RIF14-0053Swedish Research Council, 821-2012-5144Available from: 2018-09-27 Created: 2018-09-27 Last updated: 2019-04-24

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Ström, PetterPrimetzhofer, Daniel

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