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Application of Uncertainty Quantification Techniques to Studies of Wall-Bounded Turbulent Flows
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Mathematics and Computer Science, Department of Information Technology, Division of Scientific Computing. Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Mathematics and Computer Science, Department of Information Technology, Numerical Analysis. (0000-0002-9610-9910)ORCID iD: 0000-0002-9610-9910
2018 (English)Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

Wall-bounded turbulent flows occur in many engineering applications. The quantities of interest (QoIs) of these flows can be accurately obtained through experimental measurements and scale-resolving numerical approaches, such as large eddy simulation (LES). However, due to the prohibitive computational costs imposed by the turbulent boundary layers (TBL) involved in these flows, the use of a standard wall-resolving (WR)LES is limited to low Reynolds (Re-) numbers. As an alternative, wall-modeled (WM)LES can be employed, in which the near-wall region of the TBL is modeled.

This thesis evaluates the uncertainties involved in the measured QoIs of a set of experiments on TBLs, and also, investigates the predictive accuracy and sensitivity of LES, both wall-resolving and wall-modeled. For these purposes, different uncertainty quantification (UQ) techniques are employed.

In particular, such techniques are applied to the forward (uncertainty propagation) and inverse (parameter estimation) problems involved in the measurement of mean velocity and wall shear stress using hot-wire anemometry and oil-film interferometry, respectively. The possibility of reducing epistemic uncertainties by a more detailed analysis is demonstrated. The metamodels constructed by combining non-intrusive generalized polynomial chaos expansion with the stochastic-collocation method are employed to investigate the sensitivity of WRLES of turbulent channel flow to grid resolution. This research further provides a set of recommendations for grid resolution. Through the use of a systematic simulation campaign, the predictive accuracy and sensitivity of WMLES of the same flow is investigated with respect to several influential factors. The metamodel technique is also used to explore the sensitivity to the grid anisotropy and wall model parameters. Based on this study, a set of best practice guidelines is obtained for WMLES of turbulent channel flow, the validity of which is confirmed in a wide range of Re-numbers. For all the UQ-based studies, variance-based sensitivity analysis is also performed.

For WMLES, this thesis also introduces several developments in wall-stress modeling. The performance of algebraic wall-stress models is investigated in an a-priori framework, using accurate WRLES data. Two novel approaches based on integrating the wall model and dynamically adjusting its parameters are proposed and tested. This thesis also contributes to the development of an open-source library for WMLES based on OpenFOAM, which is used in the afore-mentioned systematic study for channel flow.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Uppsala: Acta Universitatis Upsaliensis, 2018. , p. 100
Series
Digital Comprehensive Summaries of Uppsala Dissertations from the Faculty of Science and Technology, ISSN 1651-6214 ; 1727
Keywords [en]
Uncertainty Quantification, Large Eddy Simulation, Wall-Bounded Turbulent Flows, Wall Modeling, OpenFOAM
National Category
Computational Mathematics Fluid Mechanics and Acoustics
Research subject
Scientific Computing with specialization in Numerical Analysis
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-362565ISBN: 978-91-513-0464-9 (print)OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-362565DiVA, id: diva2:1253918
Public defence
2018-11-23, 2446, ITC, Lägerhyddsvägen 2, hus 2, Uppsala, 10:15 (English)
Opponent
Supervisors
Available from: 2018-11-01 Created: 2018-10-07 Last updated: 2018-11-22
List of papers
1. Assessment of uncertainties in hot-wire anemometry and oil-film interferometry measurements for wall-bounded turbulent flows
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Assessment of uncertainties in hot-wire anemometry and oil-film interferometry measurements for wall-bounded turbulent flows
2018 (English)In: European journal of mechanics. B, Fluids, ISSN 0997-7546, E-ISSN 1873-7390, Vol. 72, p. 57-73Article in journal (Refereed) Published
National Category
Fluid Mechanics and Acoustics Computational Mathematics
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-351476 (URN)10.1016/j.euromechflu.2018.04.012 (DOI)000447570200005 ()
Available from: 2018-05-03 Created: 2018-05-25 Last updated: 2018-12-13Bibliographically approved
2. Effect of grid resolution on large eddy simulation of wall-bounded turbulence
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Effect of grid resolution on large eddy simulation of wall-bounded turbulence
2018 (English)In: Physics of fluids, ISSN 1070-6631, E-ISSN 1089-7666, Vol. 30, p. 055106:1-22, article id 055106Article in journal (Refereed) Published
National Category
Computational Mathematics Fluid Mechanics and Acoustics
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-351478 (URN)10.1063/1.5025131 (DOI)000433958400032 ()
Available from: 2018-05-21 Created: 2018-05-25 Last updated: 2018-11-21Bibliographically approved
3. On grid resolution requirements for LES of wall-bounded flows
Open this publication in new window or tab >>On grid resolution requirements for LES of wall-bounded flows
2016 (English)In: Proc. 7th ECCOMAS Congress, European Community on Computional Methods in Applied Sciences (ECCOMAS), 2016, p. 7454-7465Conference paper, Published paper (Refereed)
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
European Community on Computional Methods in Applied Sciences (ECCOMAS), 2016
National Category
Fluid Mechanics and Acoustics Computational Mathematics
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-294353 (URN)10.7712/100016.2345.7105 (DOI)978-618-82844-0-1 (ISBN)
Conference
ECCOMAS Congress 2016, June 5–10, Crete, Greece
Projects
eSSENCE
Available from: 2016-06-07 Created: 2016-05-18 Last updated: 2018-10-07Bibliographically approved
4. A-priori study of wall modeling in large eddy simulation
Open this publication in new window or tab >>A-priori study of wall modeling in large eddy simulation
2018 (English)In: Proc. 7th European Conference on Computational Fluid Dynamics, European Community on Computional Methods in Applied Sciences (ECCOMAS), 2018Conference paper, Published paper (Refereed)
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
European Community on Computional Methods in Applied Sciences (ECCOMAS), 2018
National Category
Fluid Mechanics and Acoustics Computational Mathematics
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-356045 (URN)
Conference
ECFD 2018, June 11–15, Glasgow, UK
Available from: 2018-06-12 Created: 2018-07-12 Last updated: 2018-10-07Bibliographically approved
5. A library for wall-modelled large-eddy simulation based on OpenFOAM technology
Open this publication in new window or tab >>A library for wall-modelled large-eddy simulation based on OpenFOAM technology
2019 (English)In: Computer Physics Communications, ISSN 0010-4655, E-ISSN 1879-2944, Vol. 239, p. 204-224Article in journal (Refereed) Published
National Category
Fluid Mechanics and Acoustics Computational Mathematics
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-356462 (URN)10.1016/j.cpc.2019.01.016 (DOI)000466248000019 ()
Available from: 2019-02-02 Created: 2018-07-27 Last updated: 2019-06-19Bibliographically approved
6. Systematic study of accuracy of wall-modeled large eddy simulation using uncertainty quantification techniques
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Systematic study of accuracy of wall-modeled large eddy simulation using uncertainty quantification techniques
2019 (English)In: Computers & Fluids, ISSN 0045-7930, E-ISSN 1879-0747, Vol. 185, p. 34-58Article in journal (Refereed) Published
National Category
Fluid Mechanics and Acoustics Computational Mathematics
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-362563 (URN)10.1016/j.compfluid.2019.03.025 (DOI)000467508800004 ()
Available from: 2019-03-29 Created: 2018-10-07 Last updated: 2019-06-24Bibliographically approved

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Rezaeiravesh, Saleh

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