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Comparing the relative abilities of tree species to cool the urban environment
Ricardo Energy & Environm, Gemini Bldg,Fermi Ave, Didcot OX11 0QR, Oxon, England.
Forest Res, Farnham GU10 4LH, Surrey, England.
Ricardo Energy & Environm, Gemini Bldg,Fermi Ave, Didcot OX11 0QR, Oxon, England.
Ricardo Energy & Environm, Gemini Bldg,Fermi Ave, Didcot OX11 0QR, Oxon, England.
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2018 (English)In: Urban Ecosystems, ISSN 1083-8155, E-ISSN 1573-1642, Vol. 21, no 5, p. 851-862Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Increasing urbanisation poses numerous challenges to human quality of life. Cities are particularly vulnerable to the urban heat-island effect, which will be amplified by climate change. Increasing tree cover may be one of the most cost-effective ways of moderating urban temperatures. Trees cool their surroundings by casting shade, reflecting solar radiation, transpiring, and intercepting rainfall that subsequently evaporates. However, the potential of trees to reduce the urban heat-island effect is underutilised. The aim of this study was to synthesise understanding of the relative abilities of different tree species to provide urban cooling in temperate regions of the world and thereby develop a pragmatic approach for choosing those trees that have greatest potential in that regard. Based on a literature review and semi-structured interviews with leading experts, we developed a series of scenarios to illustrate the impacts of a tree's cooling mechanisms and tree species' attributes on components of the surface-energy balance equation. This enabled us to select parameters and propose simple equations that can be used to compare the relative abilities of tree species in relation to each of the cooling mechanisms. The parameters selected were for: transpiration - crown diameter, Leaf Area Index (LAI), canopy aspect ratio, and stomatal conductance or growth rate; reflection - albedo, crown diameter and LAI; shading - canopy aspect ratio, crown diameter, LAI and tree height. The approach is intended for use by urban planners and managers who wish to make informed decisions about which tree species to select for planting to counter the urban heat-island effect.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
SPRINGER , 2018. Vol. 21, no 5, p. 851-862
Keywords [en]
Albedo, Heat-island effect, Shading, Surface-energy balance, Transpiration, Urban trees
National Category
Climate Research
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-363213DOI: 10.1007/s11252-018-0761-yISI: 000445501200004OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-363213DiVA, id: diva2:1256614
Available from: 2018-10-17 Created: 2018-10-17 Last updated: 2018-10-17Bibliographically approved

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Blicharska, Malgorzata

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