uu.seUppsala University Publications
Change search
CiteExportLink to record
Permanent link

Direct link
Cite
Citation style
  • apa
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association
  • vancouver
  • Other style
More styles
Language
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Other locale
More languages
Output format
  • html
  • text
  • asciidoc
  • rtf
No evidence for behavioural syndrome and genetic basis for three personality traits in a wild bird population
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Biology, Department of Ecology and Genetics, Animal ecology. University Claude Bernard Lyon 1, France.ORCID iD: 0000-0002-7905-9691
Université de Lyon, Université Lyon 1, CNRS, Laboratoire de Biométrie et Biologie Evolutive UMR 5558, Villeurbanne, France.
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Biology, Department of Ecology and Genetics, Animal ecology.ORCID iD: 0000-0001-6566-2863
Université de Lyon, Université Lyon 1, CNRS, Laboratoire de Biométrie et Biologie Evolutive UMR 5558, Villeurbanne, France.
2019 (English)In: Animal Behaviour, ISSN 0003-3472, E-ISSN 1095-8282, Vol. 153, p. 69-82Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Personality traits and their correlations have been shown to be linked with life history strategies and fitness in various species. Among-individual correlations (i.e. behavioural syndromes) between personality traits can affect the evolutionary responses of these traits to environmental variation. Understanding the genetic and ecological determinants of personality traits and their interactions as behavioural syndromes in the wild is thus needed to shed light on the mechanisms shaping their evolution. Partitioning the observed (co)variance in these traits, however, requires large numbers of repeated behavioural measures on many individuals of known relatedness level. In the absence of such data, it is thus often assumed that phenotypic (co)variances inform about (i) underlying among-individual (co)variances (i.e. ignoring within-individual (co)variances) and (2) underlying genetic (co) variances. We tested these assumptions using three personality traits collected during 3 years on a long-term monitored breeding population of collared flycatchers, Ficedula albicollis. We partitioned the observed phenotypic (co)variance of aggressiveness, boldness and neophobia into genetic, permanent environment and parental components, and we estimated the repeatability, and heritability of these traits and their among-individual correlations. All three traits were repeatable between years (at least on the latent scale) but none were heritable. Permanent environment effects explained 15% of the phenotypic variance in aggressiveness, and parental effects explained 25% of the phenotypic variance in neophobia, in line with previous studies in wild populations. The three traits showed phenotypic correlations but no among-individual correlations and no additive genetic covariance. Thus, our results did not support the assumptions that phenotypic covariance reflects behavioural syndromes and genetic covariance. We discuss the reasons for the absence of heritability and among-individual and genetic covariance between these three personality traits in light of the possible selective pressures acting on this population.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Elsevier, 2019. Vol. 153, p. 69-82
Keywords [en]
Aggressiveness, among- and within-individual correlations, boldness, collared flycatcher, Ficedula albicollis, heritability, neophobia, parental effects, quantitative genetics, repeatability
National Category
Ecology Evolutionary Biology
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-364210DOI: 10.1016/j.anbehav.2019.05.001ISI: 000474355600008OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-364210DiVA, id: diva2:1258274
Funder
Swedish Research CouncilAvailable from: 2018-10-24 Created: 2018-10-24 Last updated: 2019-08-22Bibliographically approved
In thesis
1. Sources of variability in heterospecific social information use for breeding habitat selection: Role of genetics and personality in collared flycatchers
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Sources of variability in heterospecific social information use for breeding habitat selection: Role of genetics and personality in collared flycatchers
2018 (English)Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

All their life, individuals have to make decisions that may strongly affect their fitness. To optimize their decisions, they can use personally acquired information but also information obtained from observing other individuals (“social information”). The propensity to gather and use social information and the information meaning might depend on both individual and environmental factors. Studying what drives within- and between-individual differences in social information use should help us understand the evolutionary potential of this supposedly adaptive behaviour. The aim of my PhD was to empirically investigate sources of variability in heterospecific social information use for breeding habitat selection. I worked on a natural population of collared flycatchers (Ficedula albicollis, Gotland Island, Sweden), a passerine species shown to cue on the presence, density, reproductive investment and nest site preference of dominant titmice for settlement decisions. Using both long term and experimental data, I showed that the use of heterospecific social information, measured as the probability to copy tit nest preference, is not heritable but depends on male age and aggressiveness and on tit apparent breeding investment at the time of flycatcher settlement. Using a playback experiment, I also showed that female flycatchers can fine-tune nest site choice according to (i) song features supposedly reflecting great tit (Parus major) quality and (ii) their own aggressiveness level. This thesis highlights the importance of personality in the use of heterospecific social information for breeding site selection in this population, and broadens the traditionally known sources of heterospecific information to fine song characteristics reflecting heterospecifics’ quality. To fully understand the evolutionary mechanisms and consequences of heterospecific social information use, genetically based plasticity and fitness consequences remain to be explored.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Uppsala: Acta Universitatis Upsaliensis, 2018. p. 287
Series
Digital Comprehensive Summaries of Uppsala Dissertations from the Faculty of Science and Technology, ISSN 1651-6214
Keywords
Heterospecific social information, personality, aggressiveness, nest site choice, within- and between-individual variability, quantitative genetics, experimental approaches in the wild, collared flycatchers
National Category
Evolutionary Biology Ecology Behavioral Sciences Biology
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-364214 (URN)
Public defence
2018-11-22, Fontannes Room, Building Darwin D, Université Claude Bernard Lyon 1, 43 boulevard du 11 novembre 1918, Villeurbanne, France, 14:00 (English)
Opponent
Supervisors
Note

The public defence will be video-linked to seminar room 1003, Evolutionary Biology Center (EBC), Norbyvägen 18D, Uppsala.

Available from: 2018-11-01 Created: 2018-10-24 Last updated: 2018-11-01Bibliographically approved

Open Access in DiVA

No full text in DiVA

Other links

Publisher's full text

Authority records BETA

Morinay, JenniferGustafsson, Lars

Search in DiVA

By author/editor
Morinay, JenniferGustafsson, Lars
By organisation
Animal ecology
In the same journal
Animal Behaviour
EcologyEvolutionary Biology

Search outside of DiVA

GoogleGoogle Scholar

doi
urn-nbn

Altmetric score

doi
urn-nbn
Total: 100 hits
CiteExportLink to record
Permanent link

Direct link
Cite
Citation style
  • apa
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association
  • vancouver
  • Other style
More styles
Language
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Other locale
More languages
Output format
  • html
  • text
  • asciidoc
  • rtf