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40 Years in the Desert: Orthopraxy instead of Orthodoxy in an Anarchist Kibbutz
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Arts, Department of Cultural Anthropology and Ethnology.
2018 (English)Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 30 credits / 45 HE creditsStudent thesis
Abstract [en]

With over 40 years of direct democratic organization and one shared bank account amongst 102 members, kibbutz Samar is a community which stands for an alternative life style compared to the historical development of the Kibbutzim Movement in Israel. In the development of the traditional kibbutzim, from communist/socialist organization to a partly forced privatization and capitalist renewal of the communist/socialist ideals, kibbutz Samar comes to represent an alternative entity through its exclusion of written and formalized rules. Tracing the ways that members of kibbutz Samar have been organizing their life alternatively in regard of the traditional and the renewal kibbutzim, I investigate how the findings of David Graeber's analysis of bureaucracy helps to understand notions of hierarchy, freedom, cooperation, shared economy, direct democracy, and anarchism. This study finds that the members of Samar conduct themselves, comprehensively, in terms of a particular kind of egalitarian management, which is identified as an anarchic orthopraxy (a way-seeking paradigm orientation) opposed to an orthodox (truth-seeking-paradigm) orientation. Given the tendency for globalized, neoliberal, economic, bureaucratic organization to concentrate power and thus constrict the potential means and possibilities of human organization, members of Samar create meaning and the transformation of social life by replacing the principal of formalized rule with that (principle) of social utility.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2018. , p. 89
Series
Masteruppsatser i kulturantropologi, ISSN 1653-2244 ; 85
Keywords [en]
Kibbutz, Community, Hierarchy, Anarchism, Bureaucracy, Alternative Living, Political Anthropology, Economic Anthropology
National Category
Social Sciences Other Humanities Social Anthropology
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-364660OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-364660DiVA, id: diva2:1259754
Subject / course
Cultural Anthropology
Educational program
Master Programme in the Humanities - Cultural Anthropology
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2018-10-31 Created: 2018-10-30 Last updated: 2018-10-31Bibliographically approved

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CiteExportLink to record
Permanent link

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Cite
Citation style
  • apa
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association
  • vancouver
  • Other style
More styles
Language
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Other locale
More languages
Output format
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