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Sex differences in local adaptation: what can we learn from reciprocal transplant experiments?
Lund Univ, Dept Biol, S-22362 Lund, Sweden.
Dartmouth Coll, Dept Biol Sci, Hanover, NH 03755 USA.ORCID iD: 0000-0002-2406-9438
Lund Univ, Dept Biol, S-22362 Lund, Sweden.
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Biology, Department of Ecology and Genetics, Animal ecology.
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2018 (English)In: Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society of London. Biological Sciences, ISSN 0962-8436, E-ISSN 1471-2970, Vol. 373, no 1757, article id 20170420Article, review/survey (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Local adaptation is of fundamental interest to evolutionary biologists. Traditionally, local adaptation has been studied using reciprocal transplant experiments to quantify fitness differences between residents and immigrants in pairwise transplants between study populations. Previous studies have detected local adaptation in some cases, but others have shown lack of adaptation or even maladaptation. Recently, the importance of different fitness components, such as survival and fecundity, to local adaptation have been emphasized. Here, we address another neglected aspect in studies of local adaptation: sex differences. Given the ubiquity of sexual dimorphism in life histories and phenotypic traits, this neglect is surprising, but may be partly explained by differences in research traditions and terminology in the fields of local adaptation and sexual selection. Studies that investigate differences in mating success between resident and immigrants across populations tend to be framed in terms of reproductive and behavioural isolation, rather than local adaptation. We briefly review the published literature that bridges these areas and suggest that reciprocal transplant experiments could benefit from quantifying both male and female fitness components. Such a more integrative research approach could clarify the role of sex differences in the evolution of local adaptations. 

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
ROYAL SOC , 2018. Vol. 373, no 1757, article id 20170420
Keywords [en]
female demographic dominance, gene flow, intersexual genetic correlation, local adaptation, reciprocal transplant experiments, sexual dimorphism
National Category
Evolutionary Biology
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-364725DOI: 10.1098/rstb.2017.0420ISI: 000443010000005PubMedID: 30150219OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-364725DiVA, id: diva2:1260630
Funder
Swedish Research Council, 2016-03356Australian Research Council, DE170101193Available from: 2018-11-05 Created: 2018-11-05 Last updated: 2018-11-05Bibliographically approved

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