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Elucidation of LixNi0.8Co0.15Al0.05O2 Redox Chemistry by Operando Raman Spectroscopy
Paul Scherrer Inst, Electrochem Lab, Villigen, Switzerland.
Univ Bern, Dept Chem & Biochem, Bern, Switzerland.
Paul Scherrer Inst, Electrochem Lab, Villigen, Switzerland.
Univ Bern, Dept Chem & Biochem, Bern, Switzerland.
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2018 (English)In: Chemistry of Materials, ISSN 0897-4756, E-ISSN 1520-5002, Vol. 30, no 14, p. 4694-4703Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

The local structure evolution of LixNi0.8Co0.15Al0.05O2 (NCA) is linked to its electrochemical response during cycling (and overcharge) by operando Raman spectroscopy with findings supported by complementary techniques, such as online electrochemical mass spectrometry (OEMS) and density functional theory (DFT) phonon calculations. The vibrational motion of lattice oxygens is observed to be highly dependent on the local LixMO2 lattice environment, e.g. M—O bonding strength/length and state of lithiation x. All vibrational modes generally harden upon delithiation due to M—O bond character (ionic → covalent) evolution (disregarding an early bond softening due to Li+ vacancy formation) and evidence the important influence of the local structural lattice configuration on the electrochemical response of NCA. Although the intensities of all Raman active bands generally increase upon delithiation, a major inflection point at x = 0.2 marks the onset of a partly irreversible fundamental transition within NCA that is most likely related to electron removal from MO bonding states and partial oxidation of oxygen sublattice, which is also indicated by the observed concomitant O2 release from the particle surface. Operando Raman spectroscopy with higher time resolution provides unique possibilities for detailed studies of how chemical parameters (Li+ vacancy formation, transition metal cation concentration, and lattice doping, etc.) may govern the onset and nature of processes (such as bond character evolution and stability) that define the performance of the LixMO2 class of oxides. The further insights thus gained can be exploited to guide the development of next-generation layered cathodes for Li-ion batteries operating stably at higher voltages and capacities.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2018. Vol. 30, no 14, p. 4694-4703
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Condensed Matter Physics Physical Chemistry
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URN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-364504DOI: 10.1021/acs.chemmater.8b01384ISI: 000440105500026OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-364504DiVA, id: diva2:1260688
Available from: 2018-11-05 Created: 2018-11-05 Last updated: 2018-11-05Bibliographically approved

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