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”Primitiva själsföreställningar” med särskilt avseende på Indien: Om Ernst Arbmans själsdualism och dess tillämpning på vedisk religion
2018 (Swedish)In: Chaos: skandinavisk tidsskrift for religionshistoriske studier, ISSN 0108-4453, E-ISSN 1901-9106, Vol. 68, p. 39-89Article in journal (Refereed) In press
Abstract [en]

The article addresses the problem of ‘soul’-beliefs in early Vedic texts, and what light comparative religion and ethnology may shed on these beliefs. The most exhaustive work on these matters was carried out long ago by Ernst Arbman, whose dual classification of archaic soul-beliefs has had a widespread influence through the works of, i. a., Å. Hultkrantz and J. Bremmer, while being somewhat neglected by Indologists. The theory posits a distinction between impersonal ‘body-souls’ and the free-soul or psyche, which leaves the body in dreams and at death. Some of the psyche’s characteristics are shown to derive from Tylor’s notion of a ‘primitive’ dream-soul or phantom, which, through its application on Homeric materials by Wundt and Rohde was later given the designation ‘psyche’ (the ancient Greek conception being considered representative of the most archaic form of soul-beliefs). The article discusses early Vedic terms which have been referred to as soul-concepts, and concludes that the categories of Arbman and his followers may be applied to them only with modifications. Something like the Homeric psyche is not found among these rather vague concepts. Finally, a few suggestions for a more encompassing typology of soul-beliefs are given.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Forlaget Chaos, 2018. Vol. 68, p. 39-89
National Category
Philosophy, Ethics and Religion
Research subject
History of Religions; Indology with Classical Sanscrit
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-367116OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-367116DiVA, id: diva2:1266556
Available from: 2018-11-28 Created: 2018-11-28 Last updated: 2018-11-28

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