uu.seUppsala University Publications
Change search
CiteExportLink to record
Permanent link

Direct link
Cite
Citation style
  • apa
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association
  • vancouver
  • Other style
More styles
Language
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Other locale
More languages
Output format
  • html
  • text
  • asciidoc
  • rtf
Expressing Necessity in Spanish:: the Case of Deber 'Must' and Tener que 'Have to'
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Languages, Department of Modern Languages.ORCID iD: 0000-0003-2952-8522
2017 (English)In: Evidentiality and Modality in European Languages: Discourse-pragmatic perspectives / [ed] Juana I. Marín-Arrese, Bern/Berlin: Peter Lang Publishing Group, 2017, 1, p. 195-218Chapter in book (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

This paper offers a new perspective on the Spanish modal verbs deber and tener que, relating them to the notions of (inter)subjectivity and speaker-orientation. In the literature on these verbs, there is a tendency to give only vague descriptions of their nature, usually concluding that tener que expresses a strong, external necessity whereas deber is used to convey a weak, internal necessity. In this study, a more thorough comparison has been made, taking into account four classificatory variables when looking at the differences between the verbs, namely, tense, grammatical person, diathesis and the source of the necessity. The results confirm statistically significant differences in distribution between deber and tener que for all four variables. For example, it is shown that tener que usually occurs when the speaker is presented as the source of the necessity, while deber to a higher extent appears in impersonal contexts, where passive constructions or/and third person are interpreted as expressions of a general norm. This leads to the conclusion that tener que can be classified as a subjective verb, oriented towards the speaker and his/her opinion, while deber is to be understood as an intersubjective verb, which frequently expresses a shared attitude regarding the necessity.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Bern/Berlin: Peter Lang Publishing Group, 2017, 1. p. 195-218
Series
Linguistic Insights, ISSN ISSN:14248689
Keywords [en]
deontic modality, Spanish modal verbs, subjectivity, intersubjectivity, speaker-orientation, tense, grammatical person, diathesis, source of the necessity
National Category
Specific Languages
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-368543DOI: 10.3726/b11226ISBN: 978-3-0343-2439-7 (print)OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-368543DiVA, id: diva2:1268375
Available from: 2018-12-05 Created: 2018-12-05 Last updated: 2019-04-11Bibliographically approved

Open Access in DiVA

No full text in DiVA

Other links

Publisher's full text

Authority records BETA

Thegel, Miriam

Search in DiVA

By author/editor
Thegel, Miriam
By organisation
Department of Modern Languages
Specific Languages

Search outside of DiVA

GoogleGoogle Scholar

doi
isbn
urn-nbn

Altmetric score

doi
isbn
urn-nbn
Total: 29 hits
CiteExportLink to record
Permanent link

Direct link
Cite
Citation style
  • apa
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association
  • vancouver
  • Other style
More styles
Language
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Other locale
More languages
Output format
  • html
  • text
  • asciidoc
  • rtf