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The right to health: The opportunities and obstacles for the LGBTIQ community in Uganda to access health care
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Theology, Department of Theology. NOHA. (Master Programme in International Humanitarian Action)
2018 (English)Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
Abstract [en]

Due to causes such as deep religious conservatism, underlying homophobia and political opportunism the LGBTIQ community in Uganda went through a great backlash in terms of their rights, their security as well as their over-all well-being, from the period of the introduction of the Anti-Homosexual Bill (AHB) in 2009 until the culmination of violence in 2013 and 2014 when the bill passed in the parliament. The backlash also affected the LGBTIQ community’s access to health. However, this we know about the past, but the question that created my curious was what happened next. The Anti-Homosexual Bill fell in august 2014 and prior to my research, little to nothing in the secondary literature was describing the post-AHB situation in terms of how the every-day life situation had changed for the LGBTIQ community. Thus, I decided I needed boots on the ground. So I travelled to Uganda, to be able to conduct key-respondent interviews and distribute a questionnaire to fill the gaps in the latest development, which through mixing interviews, questionnaires and literature led me to construct a case study with mix methods of data collection and analysis, as research approach.

The task at hand became to examine the current underlying factors that were obstructing LGBTIQ persons from accessing health care. In order to examine how strongly the AHB and the extreme homophobia that followed, effected the health situation of the LGBTIQ community, I decided to study two groups of factors, those that were general and those that were LGBTIQ specific. The result indicates that despite the fact that LGBTIQ persons in Uganda belong to a very vulnerable group and there were severe issues with access to health care, the vast majority of LGBTIQ persons interviewed would not neglect to seek treatment, even if the sickness could reveal their sexual behaviour or identity. Nor would the LGBTIQ-specific obstacles take precedence over the non-LGBTIQ-specific obstacles in the extend they obstructed the community members from accessing health care. In the end this manifested that either the effect of the AHB was never so severe, or that the situation had substantially improved, or the obstacles that affect the general population were so severe that despite the existing homophobia, these general aspects were still worse.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2018. , p. 106 (153 med bilagor)
Keywords [en]
Uganda, LGBTIQ, Health Care, Social Justice, Humanitarian Action
National Category
Social Sciences Medical and Health Sciences
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-369644OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-369644DiVA, id: diva2:1271005
Subject / course
International Humanitarian Action
Educational program
Master Programme in International Humanitarian Action
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2018-12-19 Created: 2018-12-14 Last updated: 2018-12-19Bibliographically approved

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