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Ancient genomes suggest the eastern Pontic-Caspian steppe as the source of western Iron Age nomads
Stockholm Univ, Dept Archaeol & Class Studies, Archaeol Res Lab, Lilla Frescativagen 7, SE-10691 Stockholm, Sweden.
Stockholm Univ, Dept Archaeol & Class Studies, Archaeol Res Lab, Lilla Frescativagen 7, SE-10691 Stockholm, Sweden.
Adam Mickiewicz Univ, Fac Biol, Inst Anthropol, Dept Human Evolutionary Biol, Umultowska 89, PL-61614 Poznan, Poland.
Middle East Tech Univ, Dept Hlth Informat, TR-06800 Ankara, Turkey.
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2018 (English)In: Science Advances, E-ISSN 2375-2548, Vol. 4, no 10, article id eaat4457Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

For millennia, the Pontic-Caspian steppe was a connector between the Eurasian steppe and Europe. In this scene, multidirectional and sequential movements of different populations may have occurred, including those of the Eurasian steppe nomads. We sequenced 35 genomes (low to medium coverage) of Bronze Age individuals (Srubnaya-Alakulskaya) and Iron Age nomads (Cimmerians, Scythians, and Sarmatians) that represent four distinct cultural entities corresponding to the chronological sequence of cultural complexes in the region. Our results suggest that, despite genetic links among these peoples, no group can be considered a direct ancestor of the subsequent group. The nomadic populations were heterogeneous and carried genetic affinities with populations from several other regions including the Far East and the southern Urals. We found evidence of a stable shared genetic signature, making the eastern Pontic-Caspian steppe a likely source of western nomadic groups.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
AMER ASSOC ADVANCEMENT SCIENCE , 2018. Vol. 4, no 10, article id eaat4457
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Evolutionary Biology
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URN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-369757DOI: 10.1126/sciadv.aat4457ISI: 000449221200019PubMedID: 30417088OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-369757DiVA, id: diva2:1271601
Funder
Knut and Alice Wallenberg FoundationRiksbankens Jubileumsfond, P16-0553:1Available from: 2018-12-17 Created: 2018-12-17 Last updated: 2018-12-17Bibliographically approved

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Jakobsson, Mattias

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